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PASS VERDON
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Glossary

​Androne, walkway connecting two streets. In the Provencal villages, with long narrow streets, these passages are very numerous.
AOC, appellation d'Origine Contrôlée, granted by the Ministry of Agriculture and certifying the quality of a product and geographical origin.
Baptistery, place where early Christians were baptized. Originally the baptistery is a small building isolated, close to the Cathedral gradually replaced by baptismal fonts.
Bastide in Provence, big country, generally isolated property.
Baume, Provençal term that means a cave or rock shelter. It is a very common toponym.
Borne milliaire, say also "Mile", these terminals along the Roman routes, marking the miles, it means one thousand steps or about 1500 m.
Brouillade, said preparation for eggs, beaten and cooked in general to the bath, to which we add an ingredient, mushrooms for example but above all the truffles. "Scrambled eggs" is generally considered a scrambled eggs with truffles.

Cairn, in Provençal quiho (keel): pile of stones found at the edge of the paths and roads and that serve as terminals. Cairns or quiho are little by little, every passer-by and especially the shepherds, bringing his stone to the building.

Calade, the calade generally means space paved with pebbles laid on field. By extension the covered streets are so called "Pathways". The verb "calader" is also used to refer to this technique that avoids gully erosion of hilly or muddy roads.

Campaign, in the South of France "a campaign" is a farm, a farm of importance. It is then referred to as "Campaign X".
Campanile, frame of ironwork which supports a Bell atop the steeples and city tours.
Carraïre, track used by the herds. One speaks also of draille.
Cassoir, workshop where it broke the hull of the almonds. The Provençal speaks for this operation of "degovage".
Castellaras, word "castel", Castle and provencal suffix "as" or "ras" which adds a pejorative to refer to something old, from past, or even of destroyed. A hilltop site known as the Castelas, Castelleras or Castallaras is often found on the outskirts of the villages...

Charbonnière, wood construction is left to smolder to produce the charcoal. The great tit is also sometimes the production site. Coal was a profession in its own right in the 19th century. In Provençal is used the word "boy" to designate it.

Clapier, Provencal clap, which means heaps of stone. Stony heap from the scalers in a field.
Clos, refers to a cultivated small acreage space bounded by walls or plants more often.
Clue, a regional form of the word "cluse": narrow gorge, parade, resulting from the action of a river.
Colle, common toponym in Provence. It means a big hill to fairly soft shapes, easily spotted in the landscape.
Combe, wide flared, often consisting of land fertile valley.
Defens, also spelled Illustrator and deffend. Wooded area where all grazing was originally banned. The defens constituted a reserve of wood but also fought effectively against erosion due to overgrazing.
Doline, wide bowl of collapse, circular and flat bottom. Sinkholes are formed at the surface of limestone environments.
Draille, as the track, the draille means a path traced by the passage of the transhumant sheep. On the Plateau de Valensole, one of these paths still bears the name of "herds of Arles draille".
E.N.S., sensitive natural space. Area of ecological interest and placed since 1985 under the responsibility of the departments that define the policy of opening protection and management.
Eouviere, eouve in Provençal means green oak. The eouvieres are green oak forests which were used mainly wood in the form of coal.
Fayet, of the word fayard which formerly designated the beech. La Faye, Le Fayet, the Fayere are very common place names. The exploitation of wood of beech, sought-after in joinery, did disappear many beech forests replanted thereafter with other species but whose name remained.

Font, in Provençal refers to both the source and fountain. It is a widespread toponym, attesting to the presence of water.
Fuste, term used to describe the timber for the construction.
Fuye, leaked, small Aviary for pigeons. Under the Ancien Régime, the right to raise pigeons (possess a Dovecote top or walk) was reserved for the Lords. In Provence, however, customary law allowed farmers to have a pigeon for the raising of a few pigeons (wanted for their flesh and their very fertilizing manure).

Gavots, sobriquet as given in Provence to the mountain people of the Alps.
Gypserie, architectural, indoor or outdoor, decoration plaster. The plaster art grew especially during the Renaissance. Not to be confused with the stucco to which is added marble dust.

Iscles, banks of sand and gravel which are formed at the edges of rivers. Frequent toponym along the larger streams, the iscles remain flood areas allowing vegetated riparian forest (willows, reeds, poplar...). They could sometimes be grown.

JAS, building low and generally quite long for both sheep and the Shepherd residential. Sometimes surrounded by few arable land.
Karst, a term designating the limestone reliefs at the origin of the "Karst" adjective used for all characteristic phenomena of these environments: erosion, formation of limestone pavements, infiltration galleries, resurgent sources...
Lapiaz or Limestone pavements, surface water runoff has notched grooves more or less deep limestone. Slippery, the limestone pavements are feared of the shepherds for the herds.
Fine Lavender (or True Lavender), aromatic plant found above 800 m in limestone and sunny areas. It and the used in perfumery; Lavender, hybrid of fine lavender and lavender aspic, is grown at a lower altitude and offers better performance. However, its essence is less fragrant.

Magnan, Provençal term for silk worm whose culture developed from the 18th century. The room in this activity was called the magnanerie. It is a toponym and by extension a family name, very common in Provence.

Climate stairs
strata of well differentiated vegetation reveal the passage from one climate to another type depending on the altitude and latitude.
Mine, tunnel dug to conduct water from the source to a fountain or pool, sometimes several kilometers long.
Mourre, Word designating originally a high mountain, visible from afar, dominating the landscape. In Provençal, mourre refers also the muzzle.
O.N.F., National Board of forestry.
Oppidum, habitat of the age of iron or bronze age, installed height and defended by one or several speakers stone dry.
Oratory, small stone construction with a niche in which was placed the representation of a saint. At the entrance to villages on the edge of the roads or in front of some properties, oratories protect men.

Pesquier, natural or artificial basin that can be used as a fishing reserve.
Plan, broad plain cultivable.
Poudingue, geological formation of stones and pebbles bound together by a calcareous cement. This is the case of the Valensole plateau.
Puy, hill sides steep and generally well individualized in the landscape. The word is found in a few place names for the form of "pre", "puy" or "pui".
Ramee, branches cut with their leaves used for litter and feed sheep, goats, mules, cows...
Restanque, built stone walls dry that hold the Earth and help shape a landscape of cultures on the terrace. The restanque also refers to this mode of culture, essential on these steep landforms. The term Provençal bancau, bench especially means the cultivable surface itself.

Robine, place ravine, ravine, schistose nature mountain.
RTM or restoration of mountain land. At the end of the 19th, the overexploitation of the land of mountains, (pasture: deforestation) coached by many dysfunction, agricultural runoff, collapses... The State acquired much land and organized a systematic reforestation and the construction of retaining structures: walls, rockfill.

Sagne, in Provençal sagno. Another name of the mallet network which develops in wet areas. Common names: seigne, sagne, saigne... swampy meadow.
Serre, in old Provençal, the serre is a hill, a mound. In the french geographic vocabulary, serre refers to a narrow and elongated Hill resulting from the formation of a steep-sided valley.
Signal, milestone that marks the Summit of a mountain.
Souleiaire, place where it exposes to the Sun, dryer sheltered from the wind, terrace of a House.
Truffle, field planted truffle Oaks.

Valensole
Valensole
Valensole
Valensole
Valensole

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