1 week in the Gorges du Verdon= 2 campsites to discover the richness of this incredible site
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1 week in the Gorges du Verdon= 2 campsites to discover the richness of this incredible site
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Castellane, some famous people
A strange story Scipio Brun de Castellane last Lord of Caille and RougonThe Protestant tradition is firmly established in this family since Balthazard Brun de Castellane who brought the first pastor from 1558. Also, when promise the persecution which precede the Revocation of the edict of Nantes, Scipio Brun de Castellane, Lord of Caille and Rougon, prepares to an exile in Switzerland. He lives in Manosque, in the family of his wife Judith Legouche. Her many children were born, and this is where his wife died shortly after the birth of a son who shall live (March 1679). We know from Barbery "Ephemeral Lord of Caille" book that the family group that takes the painful path of exile includes, with the head of Scipio family, his son Isaac (the only one of all the male children who survived), two daughters, his mother, sister, Ms. de Lignon and son, sister-in-law Mlle de Saint Etienne, and tutor of Isaac.
Many acts passed to Rougon in October 1684 prove that Scipio takes many provisions: it goes from leases, collects royalties, rents a bastide whose furniture is carefully inventoried: a large table in walnut with four legs, a mattress of 42 books, three caquettoires... Mr. Lee, of Manosque, is the administrator of his estate. Rougon, he earns his seigneury of Caille where he arranged with his notary, Me Funel. Nice and Piedmont, the exiles earn Turin; they will be in Lausanne.No doubt Me Périer and Me Funel will ensure the interests of their Lord. An act of 1688 to even suggest that Scipio returned secretly to Caille. Indeed, on 20 October, Anne Funel, daughter of the late W Funel, married Joseph Flory, son of the late William. At the bottom of the Act, the signature appears "Caille" well recognizable. In 1689 Louis XIV ordered that protestants property be seized and handed over to their relatives. They will return to Judith Legouche, his sister, wife of Roland, lawyer to the Parliament of the Dauphiné, and Scipio, Tardivy, Advisor to the Bailiwick of Grasse.
Birth of IsaacIn 1696, Scipio announces the death of his son to Vevei, ill since a long time "by excessive work caused by a too bright love of Mathematics".
The strange case will start. It will cause two major trials, one in Aix (1706) the other in Paris (1712). These trials are included in the series "Famous and interesting cases with judgments that have decided" collected by Mr Gayot de Pitaval, lawyer to the Parlement of Paris. Bernard Barbery will resume in parts. From 1699 to 1712, the stages of this trial up-to-the-minute crowds and judges, will be a destitute a great Lord master of a great fortune, and then a prisoner stripped of his titles and properties, and quickly disappeared in the dungeons of the Concierge.
Here are the essential facts which could be established based on the two references and the text of the judgment of Aix. The parts themselves (nineteen bags in total), surveys, testimonials, report of transportation must be included in the archives in Paris.
The date of birth of Isaac, son of Scipio Brun de Castellane, does not appear on the Civil status of the reformed Religion. According documents of family, he was born in 1664; his father sent him to Geneva from 1681 to 1683, but illness forced him to return to Manosque. "It was a quarrelsome sneaky boy,.. .incapable of work and attention." Puny, unwelcome, he was little honour to the family. Everyone knew in Manosque what poor attachment Scipio testified to his son".Also, was very surprised to learn that the death of the young man in 1696 is attributed to an excess of study. Three years later, in Toulon a Navy soldier enlisted under the name of Pierre Mêge, declares to be Isaac of Caille, escaped from the House of his father and living under a different name by fear of religious persecution.
Pierre MegePierre Mêge has existed; It has to its inscriptions on the roles, several acts of abjuration, an act of marrying Honorade alley in 1686. From 1696 to 1699, it has been "canvas several times on the colored, selling of beaume and remedies around Marseille". But a son of family abandoned by his followers, in misery, what a story! Especially when it manifests the desire to return to the true faith. And the solemn abjuration was held on April 10, 1699 in Toulon Cathedral. The old Pierre Mêge takes the name of André of Entrevergues (near place of Rougon). However, when he says know sign, the great Lords who helped him their benevolence are somewhat surprised.
Lausanne, Scipio is informed of the case. He said that his son died in Vevei, it sends many certificates, but not death. In addition, owners of the property of the exile, the Roland and the Tardivy, attack the newcomer in Sham. This first trial will take place in an atmosphere of extreme passion. AIX was sympathetic to the young Lord. Imprisoned, visited by noble ladies, supported financially by donations of large families, cared for by originating jailers of Rougon, he has the prestige of those who were wrongly accused. The trial lasted seven years; It is transported in Manosque, in Rougon, curd; Isaac is received in triumph. July 14, 1706, the Parliament of Aix delivers judgment: "disputed" is Isaac Brown of Castellane, Lord of Caille and Rougon. It is awarded in the possession of his family's property. Lawyer Roland is recognized guilty of "falsehood, slander, subornation of perjury, attempted murder".
A huge crowd applauded and carries the President Boyer of Eguille in triumph. In the days that follow, noble Isaac de Brun de Castellane married Madeleine Serry, whose mother belongs to the high nobility. He leads big train, visit his lands, carved his portrait by Trouvain. But on this portrait of a beautifully crafted, the look is concerned.
Roland and Tardivy are. And Honorade alley appears. Here it is in Paris claiming her husband; This is an ally of the first order for the opponents of the trial of Aix.
The final judgment is rendered on 17 March 1712. It is terrible for the interested: there's more than a soldier in Navy, sou without mesh, imprisoned at the Conciergerie of the Palace, and pursued for the crime of bigamy. Madeleine Serry courageously defended him, but death came to put an end to the drama.
Isaac of Caille or Pierre Mege?One may wonder how two if authorities were able to judge also opposite ways. More than a hundred people from Manosque, Rougon and Caille have recognized the son of their Lord; his nurses were of the number; the son of Caille scars were seen on the prisoner. But Roland also produced witnesses who acknowledged Pierre Mêge, and Scipio especially has always maintained the death of his son...
I noted in the judgment of Aix in a curious testimony: "Sieur Ailhane Maezaki, lieutenant of a Swiss company, told THA in the presence of the Lords of Charmasaille (Governor of THA) and Brissac and that although cognoissait du sieur de Caille father, that he was staying in the home of the said sieur of Ailhane in Lausanne... and that in addition he had known the son of the said sieur of Caille"that it was an innocent and one sports".
The real Isaac of Caille was a studious pupil, applied to mathematics, the family legend? Mr. Barbery, which exposes the two theses, Aix and Paris, reported the testimony of a huguenot lawyer, Me Barbeyrac, who deposed before the Parliament of Aix: "the son of Caille was educated... but it did point want to talk about the legitimate son of Scipio."
We borrow him its conclusion: "after having stripped the files, questioned documents, paralleled the assumptions, is embarrassed to find..." Was Isaac of Caille? Was Pierre Mege? The question remains entire, but history is full of obscurities..."
Suzanne Audibert - Varcin
The prior Laurensi 1719-1808Joseph Laurensi was born in Castellane, on 4 December 1719, Hassim Laurensi, master in surgery, and Elisabeth Pastour, within a notable family. He was baptised the same day. The plague of 1720, which saddened Provence, spared the newborn, his family and his country.
The future prior began his studies at the college of his native town. Of his first impressions of childhood, one of them especially survived him, it is the deep remembrance that he kept, during his lifetime, of Bishop Soanen, Bishop of Senez.Visits that the prelate was college ceremonies brilliant that he chaired or parish, the convent of the Visitation of his speeches, this majestic gravity which characterized him, Laurensi spoke with emotion. Joseph Laurensi was eight years old when, in September 1727, the Council of Embrun condemned the Bishop of Senez and put it to the Abbey of la Chaise-Dieu in Auvergne. Later, the prior of Castellane knew always recognize morals more than pure and austere of the jansenist prelate. The schoolboy had his first communion at a relatively advanced age as wanted jansenist morality once again if perennial in our region.
On July 21, 1739, at the age of twenty years, on the feast of Saint-Victor, holder of the curial Priory, and in the Church of the Visitation of Castellane, the young student received the first tonsure. In the absence of the Bishop of Senez, still exiled to the Chaise Dieu, the Collator prelate was Mar of the Motte of Orleans, Bishop of Amiens, former administrator of the diocese of Senez. Receipt of the minor orders was forced to follow closely that of the tonsure.
Where then was studying the Abbot Laurensi? The Séminaire de Castellane, abandoned by the Doctrinaires, was deserted. On the other hand, Messire Pierre Laurensi, remarkable priest of Castellane, that disability of legs, away from parish Ministry, had dedicated to education and the education of youth, had died in 1722. Also died the Abbot Joseph Gibert, native of Angles, perpetual Vicar of Soleilhas, which, we said a record of Episcopal visit of 1722, "taught forty-five out priests Soleilhas or his school". There is therefore more than likely that Laurensi was studying again at the Collège de Castellane, when he received the tonsure and minor orders.
A more extensive and higher culture was necessary for an equally distinguished topic. Also moved to Marseille to be completed his theological training. He made serious, brilliant studies, not not at the oratory, as you suggested, but the Jesuits. July 17, 1744, we find him, aged twenty-five, a difficult thesis of theology on the burning issues that so thrilled the both secular and ecclesiastical world: grace, free will, human freedom etc... "Laurensi, a chastened, precise and colorful style, says a note communicated by the late Victor Lieutaud, began by asking the thesis, supported it with heat and exposed as clearly may the scotisme and thomism, with all their slang and all their arcane, who, for back trouble, don't leave not less insoluble in materials if above human intelligence... and was greeted by triple applause", where it was modestly leaving the Chair back in the ranks... "
Back to the dioceseAfter this success, the young acolyte returned to his diocese of origin. On December 18, 1745, in Senez, in the chapel of the seminary, he received the sacred order of the subdiaconate. April 9, 1746, in the same place, he was ordained a deacon, and on 24 September, on the feast of Saint Isarn, dear to the old Castellanais, he was promoted to the priesthood at the age of twenty-seven years.
In the aftermath of his ordination by a pastoral letter dated October 18, 1746, Joseph Laurensi was given as secondary to the prior of Castellane, Etienne Petit. It was then in full in the war of succession of Austria. Austrosardes armies ravaging the region. The priestly Ministry of the new school began in many difficult circumstances; at least the opportunity to devote themselves were likely to his zeal. For example let's accompany it us Bishop de Vocance, Bishop of Senez, when the prelate went to the front of the General of Ormea, who arrived from side Angles at the head of the enemy army, to ask to save the inhabitants.
Part Sardinian army and restored calm, Laurensi went on with a zeal always increasing the normal course of his duties.
In 1748, there was a change of prior. The Abbot Joseph de Tassis arrived in Castellane, thirty-eight years old, and threw the eyes on his youngest Vicar, whom he knew for a long time. He thought for long focus his compatriot.
Sandra LaurensiAbbé de Tassis plans were foiled because, for its part, the Diocesan authority had views of the Abbot Laurensi. Bishop de Vocance retired it from Castellane to put at the head of ' seminar of Senez. Founded a century about by Archbishop Duchaisne who dota it and confided to the brothers of the Christian Doctrine, this seminar had bad days. In turn installed Senez and Castellane, abandoned, then returned and again abandoned by the Doctrinaires, Mgr. de Vocance wanted to restore it to the priests of the diocese who régentèrent it until the French Revolution. He believed not better is calling Laurensi: "our seminar, him he wrote November 12, 1748, is currently devoid of superior and administrator by the abandonment which has been made for about ten years by the fathers of the Christian Doctrine, which causes considerable damage to the priests of our diocese... to fulfill the intentions of the founder of this House"fully informed and convinced of your morality, science, piety and sound doctrine, we have appointed you as we do appoint hereby superior and administrator of our said Senez seminar, both for the spiritual as temporal, giving you power for this purpose to profess the theology and form to the office of the Holy Ministry clericsetc...
Arriving at Senez as superior of the seminary, Laurensi served as parish priest for some time. He signed the acts of Catholicity, in November and December 1748 as provicaire. We don't know anything specific about how the new superior directed the seminar and on the time he spent at the head of this House. What is certain is that the number of students was never very high, a single he was Assistant Professor. Himself taught philosophy and theology. The Abbot Laurensi seems to have enjoyed the confidence of Bishop de Vocance. Also was his pain great when he learned his death at Riez, in may 1756. After the death of Mgr de Vocance, Laurensi spent a few years at the seminary. Around 1760, say some, he returned to Castellane in quality of secondary, always attracted by the Abbé de Tassis. This fact appears very likely because in the Act of collation of the Sainte-Anne cappellania in the hamlet of the Peyroules River, made in August 1764 with Joseph Laurensi, it is described in the Act of presentation of the patterns, priest serving the parish of Castellane.
This appointment to Castellane facilitated it the work he had begun, his life's main historical work "the history of Castellane".
December 29, 1764, Laurensi was appointed vicar perpetual Soleilhas and installed in his new position on January 3, 1765.
The five years that the former high school of Castellane spent in Soleilhas are not known. However on 12 October 1770, Jean-Baptiste Antoine de Brancas, County of Forcalquier, Archbishop and Chancellor of the University of Aix, granted the doctorate in theology that was already the priest Vicar of Soleilhas the degree of Bachelor of Canon law. During his lifetime, Laurensi does not divests a moment of love he had for the study. Intellectual work occupied all the leisure activities that left him the pastoral ministry.
The Bishop of SenezAfter five years of stay in Soleilhas, on August 3, 1769, the Abbot Laurensi resigned his Vicariate. Called to Castellane by Bishop Amat of Volx, he became chaplain to the nuns of the Visitation convent founded in 1664 by Bishop Duchaisne, Bishop of Senez. Young girls from across the region are flocked to come make their education. The Chapel, the most beautiful and richest of the diocese, was witness to the most magnificent liturgical ceremonies. The Bishops of Senez is often held their synods or were their ordinations.
The time arrived Laurensi, took place the splendid feasts ordained by Bishop of Amat de Volx on the occasion of the canonization of blessed Jeanne Françoise de Chantal, which lasted eight days.
It was during these years that the author of the history of Castellane mit the finishing touches to his work which appeared in 1775. This story had just published the Priory-cure of Castellane came to attend by the death of the Abbot Joseph de Tassis Poir died December 7, 1775. The Priory of Castellane is the most important of the diocese of Senez, with that of Colmars, we understand that the succession could occupy the minds. The wait was not long. Whatever the public voice meant, the Abbé Laurensi, was appointed, the day of the funeral of the late prior, on December 8, 1775, by the vicars general of Mgr de Beauvais, Bishop of Senez. Indicate in passing that the curial Prieuré de Castellane, which brought together the four primitive parishes of Notre-Dame-du-Plan, Notre-Dame-du-Roc, Saint-André and Saint-Victor, appears to us always, last time, under the triple identity of Saint-André de la Roche, Saint-Victor du Bourg and Saint-Martin de la Baume. In 1770 Castellane, as Colmars, had been declared walled city. However to be parish priest in a walled city, according to a statement of 9 March 1591, should be graduated, i.e. at least Bachelor, condition that amply realized the doctor Laurensi. Castellane, it was true and unique prieur-cure.
Named so by letters of 8 December 1775 provision, the new prior was put in possession real, body and current, 12 December following by notaries Meiffred and Paty, from Castellane. Once installed, old Laurensi of fifty-six years, began to work. This artwork comes to us in many forms. These are firstly, in addition to the history of Castellane, many notes left in the parish registers. They contain information today often neglected: died sudden, accidental, with or without sacraments etc... They affect not only the events that occurred in the parish but the most ordinary things of everyday life again: rain, storms, droughts, crop conditions, details of demographic, etc... Everything is methodically mentioned at the end of the annual register of baptisms, marriages, and burials, under the generic title: memorable events of the year.
Major worksIf making a serious and valuable historical work le curé de Castellane thought to future generations, he forgot ever, as a man of reason and rule, what he owed to his current parishioners. He was and remained throughout his life the man of God in the form appropriate to his time. He went to the dual Ministry of public and official prayer and preaching. The liturgy was an effective combat weapon in the hands of the prior of Castellane. He was able to enforce it to the three marked periods in its eventful existence: in time of peace and splendour, 1775-1790; at the time of the persecution, 1791-1800; at the time of the restoration, 1800-1808.
Soleilhas priest, Chaplain of the Visitation, prior of Castellane, we see this interest with zeal in the churches and chapels that are entrusted to it.
The Church parish of Saint-Victor de Castellane, dark and damp inside, closely surrounded outside houses that seemed stifling, not shone by its splendor. Laurensi followed the example of his predecessors in addressing make it worthy and sufficient.
As early as 1776, i.e. just installed, the prior sanitizes the sacristy and the Church by an aqueduct. The following year, it regulates the Sanctuary while giving a form at the more graceful contours. For this it was necessary to fill the vault which served as burial place for priests. June 29, 1778 it proceeded to the solemn blessing of three consolidated bells respectively dedicated to Saint Mary, saint Victor and saint André. On October 11, a fourth Bell was dedicated to saint Isarn. The largest repair, enlargement by the construction of a nave, made in 1780. The work lasted almost throughout the year. On 27 February the parish service was transferred to the Church of the Augustinian Fathers. On November 29, eve of Saint-André, patronal feast, "all repairs completed, the parish was transferred from the Augustinians in this new Church".
Other repairs followed that we can all refer. But despite all his zeal, the prior Laurensi was not always well advised from the architectural point of view. There was even any day where he took cover with a horrible whitewash white and yellow the nave main and primitive of Saint-Victor, all in stone.
The churches of the branches concerned not least Castellane priest that the Church matrix. Note the work at the Church of Saint-Martin de la Baume in 1775 and 1806, those of the Saint-Christophe in La Palud Church in 1777.
But what are the churches without the work of prayer and eternal praise?
If he became the general holiday of the Church carefully, prieur-cure of Castellane did not overlook those special to his parish. Thanks to him we know how these feasts were celebrated by the clergy and the people. Each parish had its rich customary of local souvenirs. Laurensi too loved his homeland of Castellane for neglecting local festivals. He too loved the Church to not comply with its laws and regulations. Also see us this apply to the Episcopal authority so supremely competent in liturgical matters, for approval of these feasts and their offices. On its instances, by an order signed at Eoulx, in 1782, Bishop of Beauvais, Bishop of Senez, lifted up the offices of Saint-Pons, 11 May and Saint-Isarn, 24 September, to the double rite of 2nd class. Even concern for the solemnity of Saint-Victor, 21 July, with a clean, from the Paris Breviary prayer, and two special hymns to the first and second Vespers. For the feast of the Bangers or anniversary of the issuance of the town of Castellane, Bishop of Beauvais, in 1779, approved a new office compound in 1776 and then permitted by the vicars general. Made of old parts, such as some hymns, and new compositions, this office is a real masterpiece of liturgy local. Everything suggests, and the judicious choice of Scriptural texts and the arrangement of the parties old and new, we find ourselves still there in front of our prior work.
The year 1786 brought the second centenary of the issuance of the city, Laurensi wanted to give a particular to this local holiday glow. He has left us himself a very detailed report that he finished as well: "we pray our successors to continue each year, with the ceremonial ordinary, as we had requested our predecessors, especially those from the year 1614, and add something every year Centennial, to rekindle the fervor of citizens." We thought having to lay this on registers to serve to the posterity and we signed with our priests..."
The feast of saint Andrew, Apostle, holder of the Priory and of the ancient parish of Petra Castellana, was also the object of his attention.
At the bottom of a letter, among the rectors of the hospital Saint-Martin de Castellane signatures of the prior Laurensi.
Organization and regulationThe care that brought the Laurensi prior to the Organization and regulation of the brotherhoods still deserves a special mention.
Watch over the churches and their sacred furniture, be the man of the public, official and liturgical prayer, caring for the feasts and their solemnity is only a part of the priesthood. Laurensi never forgot it. He was essentially human of the liturgy, he was also one of preaching. He preached and preached much. If Sunday, October 17, 1802, the official restoration of the cult, we the see occupy the pulpit on two occasions, despite his 83 years, what zeal does must not bring this function when he was in full possession of him even? Unfortunately, despite all our efforts, we could find a single manuscript sermons, sermons and homilies of the prior of Castellane.
The missions are a particular form of the popular preaching. As zealous as Abbé Laurensi Pastor could not overlook a powerful means of bringing souls to God. He did give one that lasted four weeks, from April 23 to May 20, 1787. It is more had since 1728, that is fifty-nine years. Our prior was the main organizer.
In the parish archives of Castellane, Laurensi gave us a detailed account of the mission of 1787, which agrees well with that of the Bishop Mgr de Castellane.
However the Revolution is already announced. At the end of 1788, Laurensi noted his impressions: "made in France on the part of parliaments. Beginnings of civil war in Brittany, in Dauphiné; the prudence of the King dispelled them. A lot of memory on the part of all cities to serve as instructions for general States which be held in 1789. The third estate, encouraged by the Ministry, has designed much hope against the clergy and nobility..."
What was the attitude of the parish priest of Castellane to the anti-Catholic movement of the Revolution? This is what we will see without going into political and social issues.
March 22, 1789 the prior published advocated the order fixing the day of the Assembly of deputies of the three States of the sénéchaussée. 26, in the St. Joseph Chapel, took place the meeting of all heads of family to appoint to this Assembly, which was held on 3 April. That day, after the mass of the Holy Spirit celebrated by Laurensi himself in the parish of Saint-Victor, members of all three levels met again in St. Joseph. The clergy asked to assemble in particular. It appointed him City Hall room. He chose during this meeting the six church members who had to go to the sénéchaussée of Draguignan. Joseph Laurensi was elected for this deputation.
What became the cure Laurensi during the revolutionary period?December 31, 1789, in Castellane, it makes the minimum option and waives the tithe, now hardly collectible. December 17, 1790 he issued the statement prescribed on the revenues and expenses of his Priory. A few days after this statement, the person concerned tells us, at the end of the register of 1790, that the Revolution in Castellane, who had worn only in the financial field, had not disturbed the peace.
But the Civil Constitution of the clergy was passed on 12 July 1790 and five months after this vote, November 27, 1790, the constituent Assembly, by a new decree, demanded all bishops, priests and clergymen in function the constitutional oath. What was the conduct of Laurensi in these painful circumstances? Invited to take the oath, he declared himself first sick. A few days later, pressed by the authorities, he did, but with an essential restriction. Himself tells us how he comporta on this occasion: "the year 1791 and the 20th of the month of February, we prieur-cure, penetrated with a zeal for the good of the country and wanting to give our parishioners the public example of our submission and our respect for all the decrees of the National Assembly, after us be concerted with Mrs. mayors and other officers of the municipality of this city"have their presence our oath of fidelity to the Nation, the law and the King and vowed to maintain all our powers the Civil Constitution decreed by the National Assembly and accepted by the King, except the religion that we have always professed and want always profess in its integrity and this at the end of our parish massabout nine o'clock in the morning, on the degrees of the high altar, with the right hand on our chest and then the who lifted and placed on the book of the Gospels, accompanied by gentlemen our secondary coated the surplice... which have all taken the oath in the same formula as we, with the exception of Ste Marie who has no connection to add the restriction except religion, and we all signed the present... "."
In a letter of March 6, 1791 the Attorney general trustee about the Executive Board complained to the prosecutor about the Executive Board of the district "the oath... is unconstitutional..." Laurensi and other priests are therefore in the case to be replaced, but until they can continue their duties.
A little later, on June 4, 1791, new letter from the Executive Board departmental to the district attorney that he urged the priests of Castellane to submit. It went even so far as to glimpse at Laurensi the deletion of its cure. Laurensi held out against all assaults. However, it is a fact, he passed for swearer. It could not, from one day to the next, replace all was cures. Laurensi could some time yet, exercise his pastoral duties, without too much gene and clutter. But he knew that his pastoral duties he would be soon disputed and he was wondering anxiously what fate was destined to the Church of France.
A great consolation, however, it was still reserved. He was able to celebrate the feast of Notre-Dame-du-Roc, March 25, day of the Annunciation, but without bravado. Laurensi was still there when, in April, was celebrated in Saint-Victor, with any possible pump, a funeral service for Mirabeau.
Looking for securityHowever the day was approaching where Laurensi should go abroad for a security that the France gave him more. He departed on May 1, 1792 and successively remained in Turin, Ferrara, Assisi and Rome. In precious notes the exile is that enumerate us briefly the various places where it stayed more or less time. It tells us nothing of its occupations and employment of his time, its sorrows and its bitterness of his charity. After three years of exile in Rome, le curé de Castellane was of Mgr de Bonneval ordered to return to his parish with the powers of vicar general for the diocese of Senez-wide.
15 fructidor year III (1 September 1795), the Executive Board of the Department took three orders which André Paul, Joseph Laurensi and Auguste Mistral were scratched from the list of emigrants and reintegrated into their political rights. The order respecting Laurensi noted that he had been obliged to flee and to keep hidden as a result of threats.
Arrived at Castellane at the beginning of September 1795, during a lull in the revolutionary turmoil, Laurensi found the Church of the Augustinians reconciled by M. de Pillafort, Canon of Senez. This is where he resumed his duties the following Sunday. The first acts of his Ministry, after this return, were often made at home "for reasons we known" he writes about a baptism on October 9, 1795. Other times, these notes, which do us take live demonstrations of parish life in these troubled times, say us that the mortuary ceremonies have been made only in the House of the deceased.
2 brumaire an III (October 24, 1795), Laurensi and three other priests are a statement of submission to the laws of the Republic.
On March 24, 1797, eve of the feast of the Annunciation, Laurensi had the joy to reconcile the Church of Notre-Dame-du-Roc which had been desecrated during the turbulent period of the Revolution.
The lull which had allowed Laurensi returned from exile was only relative and of short duration. In September 1797, the prior was again outlawed and forced to hide either "in a House, in another, and in another" sometimes often. As for his first exile, Laurensi do say us anything over this period. Three years, from September 1797 in June 1800, Laurensi stood hidden in Castellane, exercising his Ministry in secret, without that we know nothing specific about what he did at that time.
RecurrenceOn June 30, 1800, we see it reappear to marriage Lazare Joseph Demandolx and Françoise Bérard that it unites.
On October 9, the prior blesses the table of the altar of Notre-Dame-du-Roc, table made in Grasse in 1736, by Mr. Genti, painter and sculptor, representing the Virgin Mary in the Middle, saint André right and saint Etienne left.
November 30, 1800, Laurensi returned again to the Augustinians. Throughout the year 1801 passed peacefully.
The total reconciliation time neared. On October 13, 1802 (21 Vendémiaire an XI), Laurensi returned triumphantly in his parish church of which he had chased eleven years previously, on August 16, 1791. The Abbot Marie received it as one receives a leader and recognized him for prior. All priests sworn or was were present.
The Concordat signed on 16 July 1801 between Pope Pius VII and Bonaparte and promulgated in France on 8 April 1802, received its first applications. One of them was the removal of the bishopric of Senez which the last holder was Bishop of Bonneval (Jean Baptiste Marie Scipio). The former diocese of Senez, in some parishes, was covered entire in Digne. The new Concordat Bishop, Monsignor Yves Irenaeus vasudeo Deshpande appointed to the curacy of Castellane the former Joseph Laurensi prieur, taught by his age and his infirmities to go to worthy, to take the oath required by the Concordat, fulfil this formality before the sub-prefect of Castellane, specially delegated by the prefect.
The list of the Priors-pastors of Castellane ends in the person of Joseph Laurensi, but this remarkable priest, witness of so many upheavals, had the honour to open a new era, that of the Concordat cures of the new parish of Castellane.Five years still Laurensi will spend in the service of his parishioners the remains of enthusiasm that will weaken. But what changes his old age has not been witness!
Little by little he brought back his parish to its ancient splendour. In 1804, Saint-Joseph Church, sold revolutionary, was bought at a price of 1,400 francs.
First July 1804 took place the solemn blessing of the oratory that Antoine Andrau citizen had built in honour of saint Isarn over its property, near the bridge planks on the Recluse. July 15 at six o'clock in the morning, accompanied by Laurensi of his clergy and the 'blue brothers' still blesses oratory erected under the rock, on the way to Angles.
At the end of that same year 1804, the priest of Castellane, faithful to his old habit, indicated that "the election of our Emperor Bonaparte", one memorable events of the year trip from Pope Pius VII crowned the new emperor on 2 December, at Notre-Dame de Paris.
Until the end, servant of GodIn October 1805, despite his 85 years, Laurensi alla bless the new Church of the balm. He returned the following year for the feast of Saint-Martin. He spoke at the ceremony of first communion on June 9, 1805. In 1806, from 3 to 29 may, yet procured his parishioners the benefits of a great mission. On 18 April 1807, Bishop of Miollis, Bishop of Digne, came to Castellane for the first time "the cure Laurensi, aged eighty-eight, wrote the Bishop in his diary, still enjoys good health. It is a Holy Pastor".
The hour of the reward finally struck for the good and faithful servant of God that was the prior Laurensi. May 21, 1808, he died at the age of ninety-nine years in the House that he possessed the Mitan Street. Like all his life, his death was exemplary. After having received all the sacraments, he made "his profession of faith in the true shepherd" says his act of burial. His funeral was held the next day with the support of the entire population of the city and the hamlets. All the priests of the parish and surrounding areas, the municipality body and hospice administrators accompanied to its final resting place that was their pastor and their guide during his life.
A few days later, on May 31, 1808, gap where he was pastoral tour, Mgr. de Miollis wrote: ' I just lost M. le curé de Castellane, ninety years old, enjoying a nice healthy and a just reputation for virtue, of Holiness and light. He had resumed the teaching of the Catechism during this lent and this painful occupation has rushed it to the Tomb. Such losses make my soul almost incurable wounds".
This party testimony of the heart does it point the best of funeral orations?
The Marshal de CastellaneThe uninformed visitor entering the room of the Council of the town of Castellane is surprised to find a large portrait in oil of a Marshal of the second Empire. This table is not moved there because it's a portrait of the Marshal de Castellane who donated to the inhabitants of the town where his ancestors were born. He could be, in the present booklet, present a biography of Marshal, but the drafting Committee thought that the reader would be interested in excerpts from the history of Caluire and Cuire Martin bass and Jo Basse, to which were added a few notes from our friend Dr. Gabriel Gillybœuf, well known Castellanais. We thank Mr. Jo Basse of kindly allow us to reproduce its text in our columns. "It was certainly well filled military career of mind Victor Elisabeth Boniface, count of Castellane, who died in Lyon on September 16, 1862, Marshal of France, Commander of the IV corps, Counsellor of State, Senator, grand ' cross of the imperial Légion d'honneur, medal military order, Knight of St. Louis."
He was born in Paris on March 21, 1788, soldier in 1804 at the age of 16 years, second lieutenant in 1806, part of Italy with the 24th Dragoons, being Spain, distinguished himself at the battle of Rio Secco, removes a piece of canon at the battle of Burgos, participates in the campaign of Austria, is quoted after the battles of Abensberg, Eckmuchl, Regensburg, Essling, Wagram.
Captain in 1810, Castellane is the campaign of Russia, then the campaigns of 1812, 1813, 1814. He became colonel-major of the guards of honor.
Brigadier General, then general of division, he took part in the operations of Spain in 1823, of Antwerp in 1832. Louis-Philippe made him peer of France, the Republic of 1848 gives him command of the army of Lyon, Napoleon III made Marshal of France. He was a soldier in the soul. The discipline was for him the austere joys he strove to share. He kept to a high degree the cult of the uniform. This stiff teacher had entrusted care to develop the divisions that went to campaign in the Crimea and in Italy. He knew how to make beautiful instruments of war.
Its participation in Imperial wars, his military leadership were also less done for the popularity of Castellane that relations of Bellecour Sunday magazines, small wars Montessuy and Grand-Champ, and dances in the salons of the headquarters, street Biryani.
He loved Lyon and Lyon. We should be grateful to this beautiful soldier for having given us - outside Sathonay camp, which is his work - the beautiful roads of Caluire in the Rhône and the Saône, Sathonay-Rillieux la Pape. If would have left it to do, he had with the plateau of Bresse of a shady road linking Sathonay at boulevard de la Croix-Rousse.
Its name is linked to that of our common and his memory can be found in the two major routes of access to the Rhône and the Saône: mounted soldiers and mounted Castellane, built by his troops. His presence is manifested in the middle of the latter pathway, by his tomb.
Some opinionsExtracts from the speech pronounced at the funeral of Marshal by Senator Claude-Marius Vaïsse, in charge of the administration of the Rhône Department: "arrived in Lyon in one of those periods of tearing that must keep the memory that to avoid anything that could cause the return, he has restored and maintained order by combining always moderation and firmness... "A benevolent sovereignty, a polite and a gentleman loyalty in his dealings with people, he was scrupulous observer of everything that affects the dignity of the office and the qualms he had for others as for himself..."
Preface by his Journal, published by his daughter, the Countess of Beaulincourt, in 1897: "born in the big world, he in had kept the instincts, tastes, habits, while leading the life of fervent, educated and serious soldat. The difficulties he had in his career came from its firm commitment to abide by the regulations, including the wearing of uniform... The 5th regiment of housards that he formed remained legendary... In all his commandments, in France and abroad, he was love and respect of all... He thought that civilian and military must always agree to the general good..."
Excerpted from the Revolution of 1848 in the Pyrénées Orientales, by Félicien Mandet (Imprimerie de l ' Indépendant) "the general of Castellane is the same type of soldier, completely foreign to the civil discord. All schemes with the same heart serving soldier foremost, seeing the France over Governments... Brave warrior, fearless on the field of battle, it has a high design of military career. It is a loyal servant of the country..."
Excerpt from my last dream will be to you, Jean D'ormesson (biography of Chateaubriand, 1982): "he was eccentric, generous, of equal severity for his men and for himself, of an outdated gallantry with women and a host of anecdotes ran on his account. It would be somewhat forgotten if he had the happy idea of marrying Cordelia."
A songs Editor: Le Chanoine Angelin SaurinWho does not sang, during his childhood, popular songs edited by Abbé Saurin?
They are still ringing in our ears, and probably also in our hearts, these songs of the month of may: "this is the month of Mary, is the most beautiful months... Take my Crown, I give the.."with the offering of the flowers of the field. And the days of solemn communion, after "Here it is so sweet lamb..." when sounded under the vaults of our smouldering churches of candles, almost with a certain triumphalism, "I hired my promise to baptism..." "- I am a Christian - we want God..."
It was a time, processions were doing with the banners, the brotherhoods, the procession of the communicants, white cuff and ringlets, opulent gowns in their whiteness.
These songs inspired by the romanticism were addressed to religious feeling and it is not without a bit of nostalgia that we are talking about today. It was our youth! During more than half a century, collections of the Abbot Saurin, featured by the Cardinals, archbishops and bishops were adopted in almost all the France. These collections, until 1950, he shot himself regular edition more than three million copies and nearly four hundred thousand with musical notation.The dissemination was provided by the Publiroc House. Publiroc, it was the name chosen by the Abbot Saurin as a token of affection to our Lady of the rock: Publiroc, publications of the Roc.
But who was the Abbot Angelin Saurin?
He was born, on May 28, 1837, in Saint-andre-les-alpes where his father was a collector. This function, he it was subsequently to Castellane and Mirande, in the Gers. The family consisted of six boys: Eugene, Aman, Bajaj, Angelin, Jules and Alphonse.
Among the descendants of Eugene, Aman and Jules, it would be easy to mention men of finance, judges, a Senator from the city of Oran, doctors. Among those by Bajaj, I wouldn't forget Jules Saurin, founder and Director of the society of French farms of Tunisia. It is he who gave to the town of Castellane field to build the stadium that bears his name.
In this branch, I note a geologist, engineer, bankers, teachers. And me is allowed to mention a name, it will be that of Geneviève Saurin, wife of Maurice Grimaud, founder and Director of social security in the Department, charming personality by his dedication, by his spirit of conciliation, by righteousness and kindness toward all. The father of Geneviève was banker to Castellane.
As Alphonse, the last sibling of the Abbot Saurin, he was taken away by cholera, circa 1866. Angelin was only seventeen years old when his father died. He had however the happiness to keep long mother. It died slowly in Cuers, at his son Baptistin, in 1897, at the age of eighty-eight. In this reporting and deeply religious family, Angelin drew the sense of duty and service.
A remarkable intelligence, he was educated at the Collège de Grasse then entered the Grand Seminary of Digne. Ordained a priest by Bishop Meirieu, he was appointed vicar in Castellane, from 1860 to 1865.
But he was attracted to teaching and his efforts, he spent them in favour of the college of Castellane which he rose from its ruins and of which he was Director from 1865 to 1871. He sought his time nor resources, nor his sentence to make prosperous this House.
After a year of teaching at the Petit Séminaire de Digne, he returned to Castellane as Vicar from 1872 to 1875.
It would seem that his abilities as an educator were known and appreciated as it soon instructed him to the direction of the college of Forcalquier, Saint Louis college. This college whose reputation extended in Provence was founded by Monsignor de Miollis (the Miserables Myriel), in 1816. Entrusted to the Jesuits, they were replaced by priests of the diocese.
Here's what Berluc-Pérussis wrote about of this college in a tale "Lou signum", the signum, it was this execrable object that is circulated between students who speak Provençal and the possessor, the evening, had to perform a penalty.Why are we surprised that our sweet language had been uprooted by the zeal of the academic services of the time.
Canon Angelin SaurinBerluc-Pérussis, who was a valued contributor to Frédéric Mistral, said thus: "Voudrieu you counta quauquei souvenenco dou coulegi of Fourcouquie." Lei remembre the aca fai pichoutie so many lei remastega ben... Desepmiei cinquanto year, has spent in Paris of e menistre to Digno of prefect, sarieu fouosso VUI entrepres say sei Sriram. "May lei Mestre that me year abari, Jonny as ensen, pendent from annado, is sian gava Latin e (faiau), e jusco lei serviciau as couinavon nouosto tambouio, e escoubavon of Fez that fi, the classo, all aquelei aqui voui did in dirieu the letanie, senso is eissublia an actual".
This is to say that if discipline was somewhat severe, he reigned in this college a family spirit and the Abbot Saurin was able to maintain it.
It was there, in function, when he learned not without emotion that Lightning had fallen on our Lady of the rock, on Thursday, August 28, 1880, about nine o'clock in the morning. Fortunately, after crossing the Chapel, she in was emerged by breaking a window. The hermit brother who rang the Bell, at this time, had no other harm as a terrible feeling of fear.
From 1881 to 1884, we find the Abbot Saurin vicar in Manosque and 1884 to 1889 curé de la Baume, in Sisteron. It was during this period that I note in a religious newsletter of 1886, a fairly virulent article. Let me quote, while making reservations on the acid and aggressive tone characteristic of an era where clericalism and anti-clericalism clashed.
"It seems that Miss Jourdan healing in the pilgrimage of Lourdes has completely baffled the Libre-Sisteron penseuse brotherhood. Frantic, distraught has found another way of salvation as the use of processes typical of the sect, borrowed from the ancient Jewish sanhedrin.
"Ah! you dare to oppose miracles; Oh well! "we shall oppose you the police, prison and, if necessary, death".
The Abbot Saurin left the Entrevaux balm where he was parish priest from 1889 to 1891.
The conduct of a parish was appropriate to its nature. He asked to be given a few years of rest and was appointed parish priest of Lagremuse, small parish then populated about 60 inhabitants, located at 15 km, southwest of Digne, left bank of the Bléone, he remained seven years.
In 1898, again, it appealed to him to take over the direction of the college of Forcalquier. It is there that he should complete his work as educator priest. 'Alas! times were bad for the Church of France. By prefectural decision of late November 1903, Saint-Louis college was forced to close its doors and a market day on dispersed wind of auctions that directors were passed successively and furniture were reduced in a handful of gold this school furniture which had been used for many generations".
A resigned victim It is thus expressed Cyprien Bernard in his "study of the schools and the college of Forcalquier", tome XII Bulletin of the Société Scientifique et Littéraire des Basses-Alpes.
On the other hand Bishop Bonnefoy, in praise that he addressed to the Canon Saurin, during his funeral could say: "it was at Forcalquier consumed educator, and thanks to him, the ancient college of this city lives bloom its heyday; Student arrived it more annually, and even today it would be in full glory, if petty harassment and systematic opposition had put its Director in the cruel need to close its doors and to abandon the work so painfully begun, so laboriously conducted and so gloriously prosperous.
Victim resigned, the Abbot Saurin... will withdraw the heart broken, but without bitterness towards those who were hit".
He retired in Marseille and devoted his retirement to edit and disseminate the "collection of songs".
During his last years, he prepared a manual of the Pilgrim to our Lady of the rock. It was a tribute to the Virgin de Castellane, in subsidiary devotion.
In this manual it traces the history of the sanctuary and parish. He described the siege of 1586 and the festivities commemorating it. It adds hymns and prayers for the use of pilgrims.
He had to edit the petit ouvrage when an attack terrassa. After a week of suffering, he died, Friday, August 14, 1908, in feelings of great piety, one hundred years after the death of father Laurensi, in 1808. He joined Notre-Dame du Roc, higher than the Roc.
His body was transported to Saint-André where his funeral presided over by Mgr Bonnefoy, vicar general, were followed by a large crowd.
Mourning was led by Mr. Jules and Alphonse Saurin, nephew of the deceased, by M. Honnorat, president of the general Council, by Mr. Auguste Honnorat, notary at Saint-Andre, and Mr. doctor Dozoul, his cousins.
The times have changed. It is a different style of songs in vogue nowadays. What will remain Publiroc editions and songs that they have distributed? No doubt a few copies forgotten on the benches of a village church.
Before that time has thrown on these collections of oblivion dust, I believe that in Castellane was not useless to evoke the memory and work of Canon Angelin Saurin.
- Castellane, general introduction
- Castellane, origins and descendants
- Castellane, religions, struggles and controversies
- Castellane and Romanesque churches: topographic survey
- Castellane, arts and traditions
- Castellane through the ages
- Cities near Castellane
- Hiking Castellane and surroundings area
- History of Castellane - Annals of Haute-Provence
- Napoleon Road
- The streets of Castellane