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Living authentic Route Napoleon, Saint-Vallier to Barrême

Chapter 9: March 2, 1815 in the afternoon from Saint-Vallier at Escragnolles

Reached Saint-Vallier approximately sixteen hours, Napoleon could not afford as a short stop, because it was the way to go to achieve the goal for the night: Séranon.
Therefore, before Seventeen hours, a satisfactory combination having been obtained, that it began running.
At Saint-Vallier, are easily the former "Route of the Alps". Having borrowed the N 85, we immediately leave the to take the small road that is committed on the left, opposite the Grand Pré. A Panel also tells us that we are on the right track. It is an old Roman road joining Digne (Diwakar), Vence (Ventuis) via Castellane (Salinae) and Sandra (San itium).
This road is tarred over three kilometres, but this handicap will not stop us to go on foot because having passed the chapel Sainte-Luce, left on our right, we good above the ruins of tumuli and ancient prehistoric camps.
Here the rock is Queen and if the place is called "Caillassou", this is not the result of chance.
We are reaching finally a small place from which the path is more tarred and looks to what it was in 1815.
After a few hundred meters, we cross the river Siagne, very young again, on a picturesque work, the 'old bridge', which was already there in the 18th century.
Two switchbacks, the road rises abruptly to offer us a magnificent view over the bridge. The vegetation is made of small trees appearing to push with penalty in a wilderness that will appear more and more hostile to such vegetation, that we we raise.
In the locality "Lechen", we follow an old farmhouse on the talute wall; She lives pass the emperor. Evidenced by his age and we will respect the along its walls. But why therefore it arouses in us ideas Templar?

The Roman road

We reach a fork. Take the uplink, one on the left. Therefore, the soil will change state. The Earth will quickly give way to stone.
And the Roman road appears. In all its beauty, retained despite age and falling rocks; its foundations remain...
Perhaps, this path that we will find a State of conservation more amazing approaching of Escragnolles, was she maintained throughout the centuries and the middle ages... But we think that the trace itself existed before Rome. The celto-ligurians used it more than 2500 years ago!
Commander Octobon, specialist recognized "Castellaras" and ancient camps, cites a "route" taken over by Napoleon, route to move from the region of Grasse to Castellane... he crossed 'the territory of Saint-Vallier, famous by the large number of camps he owns, direction towards the Siagne, along the path followed by the real "road Napoleon», was the course of the Siagne '.", on its left bank, and then on its right bank, by parading under the collar of pine castellaras: he spent near the chapelle Saint-Martin...".
This description confirms the antiquity of the path and the presence of habitats celto-ligurians. Before reaching this Saint-Martin Chapel, we find the path in an amazing State of preservation. More amazing still... a small paved passage played well its role through the centuries: protect the path against a devastating torrent by crises! And what point of view!
We dominate the vacuum and, opposite to some hectometres, we follow eyes the route of the current Route Napoléon, 85 N.
And here is the chapel... In great danger!
Without roof, delivered to weather, the rain and snow, its widely split Western Wall reveals the evil that the mine. The let disappear, while she is a witness that can accommodate walkers who, tomorrow, will come to tread this ground in a rediscovery saving? ...
We will continue our climb on a wonderful path seemingly popped up the past...
I succumbed under the spell, a day of March where it was snowing. The night was not far away and uphill to the Chapel to Escragnolles I imaginal... a long queue of harassed soldiers amount in the cold, in the snow, like me at this moment...
And I think of have heard them.

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At Escragnolles

Reached the village, the old part and the main street have not had to change much since 1815, Napoleon did still mark a halt.
Peyrusse and its loaded mules of Treasury funds were in difficulty in the climb, very tarried.
Should we expect?
During this stop Napoleon will meet the Abbot Chiris, parish priest of the village and the old mother of Général Mireur, died in Egypt. Latter, Escragnolles native, had to sing "the song of Rouget de l'Isle" at Marseille. It is, in a sense, the "creator" of "La Marseillaise". But where the encounter of Napoleon and Madame Mireur took place? On the small square, in front of the hostel, as States a plaque, or Madam Mireur, according to another version.

Chapter 10: March 2, 1815 - evening, Escagnolles in Seranon

The halt of Escragnolles allowed, as in the past, the majority of the stragglers to join the bulk of the troupe, it went on the path opened by Cambronne to Seranon, goal of the day.
It was already night when they left Escragnolles.
Since Saint-Vallier the "Alpine Route" of 1815 did not follow the current route. It will be the same after Escragnolles.
The ancient road descends below the village that it does not cross passes through Saint-Pons and then goes to the Galants will be confused with the S.D.2. At this last Hamlet, the authentic path rises towards the current track of the N 85 that it crosses two turns after the long straight passing under the rocks of the Audibergue. Then, climbs more rectilinear and lower slope, reaching the Hamlet 'Frontignac '.
During this ascent, the view is superb. It dominates the peneplain of Escragnolles and the focused gaze away on these Moors sang Jean Aicard with its famous Maurin.Obviously, when Napoléon passed here he could not enjoy this sight because of darkness. It should be around 9 pm and they walked from six o'clock in the morning...But back to this path climbing towards Frontignac; It is relatively well preserved with its retaining walls similar to those we met as to what we will find out later... The nature is wild, made of bushes and lean pins that would become forest shortly before Frontignac. It is then down to Mounegon; a source is there. Napoleon there but... said.
And this path continues its downhill sloping towards the Clue. We agree with the 85 N to its intersection with the road to quail. We will then follow the national (Hello tar!) during a few hundred metres to take the old road, on the right, of Earth, which leads to Broundet where the Emperor spent a short night.
For walkers wanting to avoid at all costs the national tar, suffice them crossing at height of the junction with the road to quail. They will then find a virtually flat path which, in the pines, will bring to the Séranon Campsite, not far from Broundet.

A night in Broundet

Napoleon spent a few meager hours in a Manor House (dare we call it Castle?) belonging to the Mayor of Grasse, marquis de Gourdon that Napoleon had met in the morning.
The wood of the marquis reserve was fully consumed to maintain bivouac fires.
As emperor, he slept in a Chair. This illustrious presence should have allowed the 'Castle of Broundet' receive a little more consideration on the part of its owners and the services responsible for Historic Monuments...
Because, today, only sections of walls still exist while there are sixty years the mansion was still inhabited. Is this a consequence of misunderstanding, guilty in our eyes, of this real wealth that constitutes the authentic Route Napoléon? Historic, tourist, economic wealth for a region looking for ways...
We will not leave Broundet without an anecdote we filling in on the effort by the troupe during the day. On this course Escragnolles-Seranon, Napoleon meeting quail Mule requisitioned their animals to carry the bags of his men, harassed by their long walk of the day.
However, the Mule will follow the troupe and, at night, will recover their mules, then going to celebrate the event at quail... This anecdote proves the extreme fatigue of the grognards, so harassed that they fell asleep, without, apparently, to stand guard.

Chapter 11: March 3, 1815 in the morning, the Mousteiret Seranon

They left very early in this March 3, 1815. Cambronne and his vanguard, first, in full at night, then the emperor with the bulk of the troupe before the sun rises.
It is very cold; snow covers the countryside and paths, also it is better to walk that stay too long still. The Russia experience has not been forgotten!
Although we had wood for fires started around Broundet..., it is hard to doze when cold invaded you the back and fire purple you face. And wet snow cover is some relief when switching the night outside in winter, more than one thousand metres above sea level...
A wrong path descends from Broundet towards the chapel of Gratemoine that we find as it was in 1815. The road passed, today hidden under the N 85 tar. It will be so in the large straight that follows... One day we stop to look at a building, a rock, a fountain... in which it happened during dozens of years in stopping, without watching them.
And the day where it stops, Lo and behold! This happened to me at several points of the authentic path but my biggest surprise I felt it here, a few hundred meters after Gratemoine, at the end of this straight line where a suite of buildings between two ages would inevitably stop me one day.
But why did I wait so long? This is the question that I asked myself at the end of a beautiful September day, facing the door of the former post office of Seranon, so far from the village, unusually far...
Me being approached the door hoping to find a date, I saw a large plate on which I read: 'Post Telegraph Telephone' and very above, in a cartouche: "Séranon.

Point of date!

Often it is above the door or this ordinary location... an unexpected, stunning figure! Simply a devil, head in relief, life-size (human). Yes, a head of devil or more precisely, the "sword" of the Knights Templar.
Questions flowed: dating of this sculpture? Of the building? ... Origin of this House and its function before be transformed into post office?
The marble slab under (and slightly recessed in) the sword not covered not another inscription to shadow it?
Many questions relating to history, certainly, to the esoteric, perhaps...
And answers for the moment uncertain or too extraordinary to be written in the present book...
I had, however, an explanation when at the end of a lecture given in Grasse, Madam President of the this city literary circle told me that actually, once, the Templars had possessed a commandery at that location. But continue our path as they did, in this March 3, 1815.
The Cassini map suggests us that the road of the 18th century passed very near the current route, both along the same shore of a named stream 'Riou R' on the old map, R being put to Rau, the name Rieu wrong Rau, specifically). And then we find the same names today as yesterday, in 1815: COA of quail, Ville Haute, the Dora... then Taulanne Castle which was, as now, not far from the road. Who would have imagined then that he would become the club house and a beautiful golf Hotel...

Hostel Laugieret departure from Broundet

Height of the Castle, Napoleon would be arrested at a hostel Laugier. He would have served the hot broth as well as his entourage and Lee would have also provided some mules to the troupe.
This hostel is at the edge of the road, always Inn and well-maintained. The great gate, opening to the North, indicates the old stables, indispensable in times where walking and horse were the only engines conveying the traveller... Since ancient times!
It is perhaps this stable that were extracted mules. Let us, finally, a hostel where actually penetrated Napoleon? We mean well it that no hostel is indicated in these parts on the Cassini map who loved yet, report them...
We are then at the Logis du Pin, a name not listed, nor, on the Cassini map.
Consultation of this card and especially the study of the field we suggest that the current national 85 follows very closely, authentic way, between Le Logis du Pin and the Mousteiret.
Thus, of Séranon to the Mousteiret, the Napoleon Route overlaps almost authentic way. This assumes that the Walker or the rider wanting to borrow the latter should use a paved road.
Fortunately, a nearest course of nature exists.
Out of Broundet, which lay down the Emperor, we simply take the S.D.2 from near the ruins of the chapel Sainte-Brigitte, and then under those old Séranon to reach the Dora, through a beautiful forest. We will then take the path of leases, then let this hamlet on our right to join the 2211 D that we cross, continuing towards the Defens of the greenhouse; We are then on a cavalier track along the torrent of good Fonts.
We follow this trail until it meets the small road, uncrowded, ranging from the Mousteiret to the river. It is this last road that will lead us in a small kilometer to the Mousteiret. Nature is beautiful, old houses and we are were very welcomed...

Chapter 12: March 3, 1815: before ten o'clock, Mousteiret - La Batie

The Cassini map has not deceived us!
It indicates the start of the route of 1815, in the direction of Castellane, in the middle of the old buildings of the Mousteiret group and there is the authentic way. The scene we meet a resident wishing to inform us. "Road Napoleon? '' ... Yes, it goes well here, you see, he continues until La Bâtie through Hill..." I saw well the path that she showed me and recognize it. It was similar to the one I had seen in other parts of the route. Very comely, she added: "the Hill has collapsed a little further and I do not know if the road is passable until La Bâtie.»
I thanked the, asking him if the passage of walkers, near her home, bother. "Not at all", replied she, apparently happy that is unbelievable to her corner of Provence so closely linked to the history.
Appointing me a beautiful building: "In this House, Napoleon slept."
Granted, the building is still very beautiful, stone, the framed door of a chaining of clear stones and size...
Should I disabuse the? I me risquai: 'he was lying there seems impossible but probably had it restored in the morning '.
It's crazy that the emperor could eat during this "journey", at least if one believes all the anecdotes...My interlocutor accepted the contradiction with benevolence and kindness. "Perhaps, indeed. ''

The richness of the Haute-Provence

The inhabitants of this country between Grasse and the Haute Provence are of extreme kindness, perfectly made for tourism which they ignore and which ignores. Yet the history and Nature are two wealth to combine. Here the art of living is not related to money although the latter may well allow a young population live decently with it.
The Mousteiret still shows a remarkable feature. Indeed, within a radius of 100 meters around the previous building we find the 'three' roads, namely the current first N 85 so-called "Route Napoléon", then traces the route of the first half of this century, one which was named, in 1932, "Route Napoléon", and finally, close by, the ancient, the authentic "road Napoleon».
The study of these three routes is instructive. In particular, they allow us to carefully consider the infrastructure of the road named in 1932. A stone wall shows us the technique of construction of such walls around 1900. This will allow us to date other walls in other parts of the course. I had more than a formality to perform; walk this path of 1815, of ancient origin, from Mousteiret to La Bâtie. The path part so the most beautiful building of Mousteiret, quasi-bourgeoise House of which the importance is surprising in such a place. Here in all cases a monument existing in 1815, before which spent the Emperor, and that is in perfect state of conservation.
An example to point out...
I hired me in a sloping rise that would make me go under the 'crest of the Blachette. This ancient road then dominates the current road for approximately two kilometres. There is the design of ancient roads built mid-slope. Certainly a portion of track suffered the collapse of the hill which resulted a few years ago the N 85.But the passage is always passable and we will go up the ravine of glue where the path descends on the built in a wooded area.

Chapter 13: March 3, 1815, in the morning, La Bâtie - guard

A la Batie, named la Bastide on the map of 1815, we depart from the small bridge linking the village to the N 85. We are then faced with the Hotel hunters Restaurant... which did not exist in 1815...
Right out of the bridge, let us commit ourselves on the right and join the House located at the edge of the national in a few tens of meters upstream from the hotel. We will reach this House through the national to discover, against and just before the wall of the garden, a path that runs along the. We found the authentic path covered with a carpet of green grass, at least at the beginning of this section and... in the spring.
The path soon to attack the slope of the small col de Luens and join the 85 N at mi-col. We then take this national top because it covers the path of 1815.
At the pass, at more than 1000 metres of altitude, the N 85 is broad and covers both the road from 1815 and from the beginning of this century. Of the latter we find traces randomly carried out rectifications since 1930 or even 1950. What often gives us an idea of the width of the road used by automobiles and cars of tourism between the two wars.
Cervical Luens in La Garde we will find, alas, not trace of the ancient road.
Among the remains of the amended road we discover shreds of tarmac road, turns small radius of curvature and a very nice small stone bridge with an arch spanning "Maupas ravine."
The 85 national then quickly descends on the guard in two corners and two straights.
We find easily, on the left, in the second straight, the old tarmac road covering here, the path of 1815.
We will take and she will lead us to the entrance of the main street of La Garde, as are penetrated, March 3, 1815, about eleven o'clock, Napoleon and part of his braves... Only a portion because the difficulties had stretched the column for several kilometers. Peyrusse, inter alia, was very late, with its heavily loaded mules and a rear guard, already tired, picking up the stragglers with difficulties.

Chapter 14: 3 March 1815, late morning, the guard-Castellane

'The guard'... you would think this name comes from the passage of the Imperial Guard, one day in March 1815, and it would be a mistake because the name appears on the map of Cassini, long before.
In fact, faced with possible invasions of South by the ancient way that we just follow, there was in this place a fortification, disappeared for a long time, "amount the guard" for Castellane. It was therefore "the guard of Castellane". The village appears as a fossil village in its main part which has not had to change much since 1815.The main street in the old but well-kept houses was the passage of the road.
Today, the 85 national, passes above the village that it avoids for the good of all and peace of the villagers. But changes in less than two centuries in the art of travel! In 1815, was the means of locomotion of antiquity and three meters wide roads were sufficient... We will therefore leave guard along the main street through the village along its length and continuing to the current road; We take the latter up to the small chapel of St. Sebastian perched on a slope from where it dominates the N 85.
After the Chapel and an enclosure we find easily, on the left of the national, the start of a path that seems recklessly engage in the slope. There is the ancient way that followed by Napoleon in this March 3... From the outset, the slope of the mountain we must go down seems not conducive to the passage of a comparable to that road that we found from Grasse.
And yet... We are in a nice wood where we discover places, retaining walls, the remains, to tell all of the former track.
The descent is part of fun. The path is wide variable but certainly quite common because here, point bushes the clogging. It appears as maintained: no doubt by the passage of those who use it. Pedestrians, cyclists or riders there will be uncomfortable. Within an hour we will have left the guard, rubbed shoulders with the chapel of St. Sebastian, crossed the ravine of Destourbes... and reached a campsite, near a small pleasant River well-appreciated warm-season and... especially ice in March.After the campsite, the road is tarred, but off summer, we is meet only few vehicles.
We reach the 85 N at the beginning of the final straight before Castellane. We will then between the Verdon, on our right, and the wood of the Destourbes mountain on the left.
A very old stone burnished by the age wall and along the N 85 attests that the authentic road passed here: it is now hidden by the tar of the current Route Napoléon, which on this stretch, is aptly named.

Along the Verdon

And we will reach the famous bridge, style and epoch 'Queen Jeanne', on which passed Napoleon and his small army.
Today this bridge is forbidden to traffic: a few years ago huge blocks were created by the impressive 'Roc' dominating the city and touched the bridge. The closure, even to pedestrians, is therefore a bona fide security measure.
Following the Verdon, the Emperor penetrated into the town, borrowed an alley and led to place Marcel Sauvaire to ancient ruins giving us an idea of what it was to be in 1815.
The troupe formed beams on this square at around noon, a stopover for lunch which was necessary.
At the same time, the emperor was received by the Francoul sub-prefect at no. 34 of the rue Nationale. The building of this former provincial sub-prefecture where stood the Emperor of all french still exists on the edge of the 85 N centre Castellane and if a plate signals "the event", it was regrettable that the facade has not received the facelift it deserves... and that is necessary.
Chapter 15: 3 March 1815 - afternoon from Castellane to Taulanne
While the Emperor takes a meal served in a room of the Sub-Prefecture, and then speaks with the Deputy Prefect Francoul and the Mayor Saint-Martin, Cambronne left the city around 1 p.m. with its vanguard. It must reach Barrême to prepare meals and accommodation for its sovereign.
Fifteen hours latter monte Tauris and borrows from his Tower, surrounded by his staff, road worthy. It's snowing. And snow it continuously until Barrême, which will make it particularly difficult step for men and beasts. It should be noted Peyrusse, long overdue, had bedrooms to Castellane. It will therefore not cross the pass of probed at night; What is important to clarify the place where a carrier Mule of the Treasury fell.
But let's look at the "Alpine Route" of 1815. The Cassini map, here again, is a significant help. We show?
From Castellane was a crossroads, the same that today ' hui. On the right was the Saint-André road by the village of Castillon. For a few decades, Castillon lies under the waters of the artificial lake and highway, diverted, borrows the dam and passes through Saint-Julien.
But it is the other route that holds our attention.

"The road of the Alps"

From Castellane, therefore, the "Route of the Alps continued right in the plain of"Palu"(spelling of Cassini), village that she rubbed shoulders with following an long and wide wall cyclopean very old whose origin and the exact role are unknown.
If la Palud still exists, it seems that in 1815 it was a village of some importance to which belonged the big farm, on the edge of the N 85 in the second turn, where the climb begins.
We must admit that in this climb we have no certainty about the location of the path that borrowed the emperor.
We therefore allow we to produce a hypothesis noting trails cutting current turns. The "road of the Alps", once would have followed roughly the current trace. The difference lies mainly in large pins which did not exist in 1815. It must be said that then it was travelling with ancient means. And if we compare the Cassini map and a map of 1990, we see that, in both cases and with our hypothesis, the road comes well to the right and above the hamlet of Sionne; yesterday like today.
Thus, we will take the risk to state our hypothesis by proposing as a route followed by Napoleon, the current route amputated of its large pins necessary for vehicles of our time and ignored by the ancient engineers. Obviously, there are other possibilities we specify in the variants that can be borrowed. Then, the Summit of the pass, the road descended much like today until the village of Taulanne, she left on his left.
A small church was there... it still exists... Shortly after the village, on the right side of the road, a vast field would allow a stop because a grouping was necessary after the hard climb.
The Sun was setting in this March 3, 1815 and this place will now be the «Bivouac Napoleon».
Coincidentally, almost in front, but on the other side of a small stream, stood the "Cabaret de Taulanne" mentioned on the map of Cassini and existing thus in 1815.
A cabaret that the grognards took perhaps assault...

Chapter 16: March 3, 1815 in the evening, from Taulanne at Barrême

It was snowing, it was cold in Taulanne, in this place that we call the «Bivouac Napoleon».
That is why, despite the fatigue, is not lingered. If this is the time needed to gather the troupe, tighten the column with those, at least, which were too point tarried.
This had to be an extraordinary spectacle than these hundreds of men, illuminated by torches in this snow that wholesale fell silent snowflakes covering the Earth. trees in became ghostly!
Imagine... It is night and they cross the small stream; today a small wooden bridge, almost ' gateway, allows us to leave the N 85 and the authentic path of 1815, there where it separates, for a few kilometres from the national. Shortly after the bridge, a ruin paints its walls at the edge of the road stubs. Was it the "Taulanne Cabaret"?We believe.
While he was one of few cabarets in the passage of the Emperor, so that it still!
The track has retained its width, that she had nearly two centuries ago and soon, while it begins its ascent, we find its structures of stones dry, similar to those we already met since Saint-Vallier. Vegetation, meanwhile, is made of small pine trees appearing to suffer a hostile climate; unless this is a floor where the stone is less rare than the Earth. Shortly before the Summit, the road becomes trail around shrubs and vegetation cluttering it. Only walkers maintained the passage. And yet, what a beautiful show, then!
The eye plunges into the vacuum. At the bottom is the N 85 and a deep and narrow gorge where going to engulf rill Taulanne who knows how to be fiery torrent when heavy rains nourish.
A carrier Mule of the Treasury would be dropped here? Some believe and seek even. In vain, no doubt.
And however... an inhabitant of Vallauris told me have found a beautiful Napoleon gold 40 francs in Taulanne Creek, far below the old road...
Men were likely, the officers also, they received their pay and some parts were able to escape during a fall in the snow where it slid, on ground that it saw barely... it is at least what we think because Peyrusse passed point here at night, but the next day, in the morning.
At the top of this side, the view in broad daylight is impressive.
A chapel awaits us near which we will mark a pause to admire the vast panorama opens in the direction of Senez and Barrême and the Valley of Asse's B sites. At the bottom we see the wide bends of the current Route Napoléon.

Hamlets on the edge of the Route Napoléon

Then we begin the descent, on a mountainside but reasonable percentage, on the way of 1815 which has retained its width. On our right the slope is steep and no guardrail to stop a possible fall. The old way was certainly very dangerous, especially in the winter...
After some some meters, road was washed away on a short but a trail remains in the scree, enough for a pedestrian, a team or a rider mounted... and we find the old road, in interesting vegetation. Then we reach a broader, recent, path built by the NFB. We owe him lose the authentic way to «La Tuilière» that we reach quickly. The path of 1815 is crossed, as we do, the ravine of Taulanne or flows the small river that we already crossed, leaving the "Bivouac" at Taulanne.
Therefore, the current N 85 roughly follows the former course, long and variable distance of a river, the Asse of Blieux, that we will follow it so until Barrême.
But before reaching the purpose of this stage of March 3, 1815, we go through places where necessarily passed the ancient way.
Certainly, many names have disappeared since 1815. Others remain or have been transformed.
At Senez, nor the former, nor the current path through the village; they are superimposed at a place called "Le Moulin" where both bypass the rock before engaging in two straight lines which was still the N 85 a few years ago at the end of which part on the right. There was the way of 1815. Now paved, it leads us to the street borrowed Napoleon for getting in Barrême. There was not, then, bridge to cross the Asse de Clumanc, a tributary of the Asse of Blieux we just follow.
And this small street led Napoleon to the House of judge Tartanson, in the centre of the village. A House of which the extant part cannot give an idea.
It was then the most beautiful House of the village before not be breakthrough current road, N 202 which amputa it its majority.
Broundet... and then the House of judge Tartanson the first two buildings where he slept a few meager hours seem to be marked with a strange fatality.

The exile of Tartanson

After Waterloo, j. Tartanson will be accused by inhabitants of Barrême helped Napoleon by providing lodging and covered. And the judge was deported... at the bottom... of the Department of the Basses Alpes, in Banon.
Exile to which it will not be resolved. He therefore wrote in "high places" the query that follows and which was entrusted to us by master Tartanson, lawyer at Digne and descendant of the judge.
His Excellency
Minister Secretary of State for finance
Bishop
I was replaced on 12 December last to le Barreme Office, Department of the Basses Alpes, I occupied four years: this replacement is the sequel to slander by the what it represented me at the administration as a supporter of Buonaparte. I thought it was my duty to inform the Administration in this regard and I come from the end of the France to respond to all the charges against me.
Here are the facts which relate to me and the truth is attested by Mr the current Mayor of the village of Barrême, by the sub-prefect of dignified and prefect of Department of Basses Alpes.
Buonaparte came to stay with me by law force March 3, 1815. 11 made me urging me to accompany him, the most brilliant offers, that I rejettai. He caused me reiterate the General
Bertrand; Despite all refusals he said me that he wanted to be useful to me and that he would make me in my part. These offers were several witnesses.
Soon I walked against him at the head of those who, in the village of Barrême, voluntarily took up arms to defend the cause of the King.
After the arrival of Buonaparte in Paris, I only asked him no progress as the administration may be convinced by the examination of Petitions made at this time.
The noise of the offers that had been made to me being spread, many people présumèrent according to the events of April that I should not be sorry for the success of Buonaparte: they knew me well those who imagined that I could think of my particular interest, when it was the property of the France, I never fear to expose my interests and my life as it was question of the salvation of others. (See attached form) but that was the opinion of those who know that it is important for me as the true love of the public good. Those that I frequented among which were the more determined royalists, such as the current mayor, knew I was devoted to the cause of honour and the King; I had rejected the additional Act and that I was ready for the first signal to resume arms for the King's cause.
Also they constantly made me full Justice, and those who have formed the project to harm me did not dare denounce me to the sub-prefect of my district or with the prefect. It would have been too easy to confuse them. They enjoyed better represent me under false colors with people who were not in direct relation with the local authorities of my home and the surrounding communes.
Certificates attached to this presentation will ensure you the accuracy and I hope that the administration so informed on my account make me place I occupied for several years and whose driving all devoted to the cause of the King and the country earned me not be excluded.
I'm with profound respect,
Bishop
Your Excellency's
The very humble and very obedient servant Tartanson
Supporting documents were addressed to Mr. the Director General of Administration of the registration and domains
Paris January 1816

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