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Living the authentic RouteNapoleon, Digne to Barrême

​Chapter 17: March 4, 1815 in the morning, de Barrême at Chaudon

For the journey Barrême-Digne, two routes are offered to the emperor. The oldest, of ancient origin, uses the mountain; the other traced around 1770, Asse Valley, passes through Norante, the Clues of Chabrières, then abandoned this Valley shortly before Châteauredon. All of these current names exist on the map of 1815.Relatively flat, except in the coast of Châteauredon, this route should be a progress compared to passing by Chaudon since... thousands of.
But the revolution this new route has not been maintained and Napoleon, Barrême, teaches that it is better to avoid it. At least, such is the official thesis.
Would not the truth that Napoleon, strategist, prefer the ancient mountainous route that will preserve any bad meeting, at least until worthy. The trace of the Asse, indeed, receives Châteauredon a road coming from Riez, ancient Roman city, and that can happen of the royalists of the Var... including.
Will be so by Chaudon, La Clappe... to achieve worthy by the establishment of the thermal baths. This very old route is shorter than that of the Asse but in more rugged counterpart.
As every day since Golfe-Juan, Cambronne went first with a small troupe, perfectly fulfilling the role of avant-garde. He left before six o'clock. The emperor will leave with the bulk of the troupe about seven o'clock.

Check out Barreme

When Napoleon comes out of the House of judge Tartanson, his men waiting, all close by, around the Church of the village;
Behind this beautiful church is the place of the lime trees from which the road to Chaudon, of distant origin, and continuing the way that we met at Escragnolles, Mousteiret, the guard and the pass of probed... The ligures, and then Romans used. Out Barreme, the path climbs in a relatively moderate slope and yet, after a few hundred meters, we find by returning we dominate Barrême, pretty village of Haute Provence, especially seen this unusual item.
The path has remained what it was in the 19th century; of stone and Earth, about three meters wide. But over our climb it will shrink to no longer be a trail. Unused vehicles, the ancient road suffered the same fate as in the neck of probed... In this climb we will find no infrastructure which is normal because in antiquity and in the time of Rome were not created walls when they were needed. Similarly, outside the cities, it does paved roads when there was a need. The vegetation in this climb is not high. These are rather robust Provençal plants: boxwood, hips, or broom: oak dominate the pin up slopes artificially afforested by water and forests.
Arriving at the top of this first side, the path becomes more flat for a few hundred metres and we discover the first wall supporting the path: ancient wall, a relic of the way of 1815.
Then we climb again, reasonable slope, meet a forest track recent, useful no doubt, but somewhat tempering our landscape.
We thus arrive at the pass between the peaks of Gardivoire (1319 m) and Saint-Martin (1451 m.)
We walk for over an hour and a half but we're rewarded for our efforts.

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Norante

A vast panorama offers the look; the view opens widely on a high sloping plain to the West and on the village-Chaudon hamlet we see clearly in front of us, a pair of kilometers and about our altitude. To reach it, we will pass under the ledge of the 'cutting mountain", still named"bar des Dourbes» by Aboriginal people.
Curiously, this bar ends, to the South, by a rock formation contained a huge Eagle with outstretched wings, but would it not be an aiglon, view the shape of the body?...
This majestic aiglon, we cannot see it. It's Norante, on the N 85 (current Route Napoléon) it will appear to us and that we will be able to photograph it. Is it not curious that Napoleon went under this symbol of stone in the ignorant, while he was walking in the snow with the hope of finding his... "Aiglon"!
To achieve Chaudon, it will take this Col, big half an hour. Departing from the pass we seek our way, 'authentic', having taken away for a long time.
We are thus taking an area where we will be point hampered by rare vegetation. Chaudon view guides us and we soon find "the" way, the old road from 1815.
We find, narrower than the original but unobstructed for walkers although somewhat invaded by the broom...
At several points we discover the ancient road infrastructure: beautiful stone walls, similar to those already encountered since the ascent to Escragnolles.
We cross ravines, easily, even when a wall recently masoned of Ashlar obliges us to climb a short gradient steep.
Other relics remain; such this Terminal, even beautiful, with two dates: 1415-1752... Such these large stones once used as hunting wheels, memories of Rome, no doubt, which used this technique for its tanks on unpaved country roads. A few hundred metres from Chaudon, a path wide and recent, comes to meet us. What massacre! And what a preposterous idea...
And this is the chapel of St. Sebastian, old but restored, near Chaudon where a beautiful fountain and abalone welcome us. These, given their respectable age, have probably seen the emperor. Greeted them as we do?

Chaudon

Chaudon! A beautiful hamlet but that ruins in the vicinity... They attest to significant occupation of the premises at the time where the High Plains, growing or even slopes. At the time of Rome, also. Because the Romans had here an important habitat. The remains, tombs, attest.
The names of 1815, played on the Cassini map, were numerous, starting with the pass that we crossed and until Chaudon; Some are still on our maps but with, today, the words 'ruins '.
We will quote, pass to Chaudon: Le Villard, the Elliott, Prejauffret... And around Chaudon: the Goumiers, Saint-Christophe, today ruined Church, Les Granges, the Laurens or Pradchastel
Changes here, in less than two hundred years! But these changes are the opposite of what we found in Golfe Juan in Grasse. Here it was the abandonment and non urbanization. Houses, land abandonment, of the road... abandonment of nature itself.
But it seems, however, that in recent years city dwellers are rediscovering the charms of this high Valley of Chaudon.
They know keep them!

Chapter 18: 4 March in the morning, by Chaudon to Entrages

Napoleon and the bulk of his small army are Chaudon to nine hours: they will not mark a worthy to be noted stopover. The Emperor knows that kilometers are still many to be Malijai, as expected, on the evening of the March 4. At the end of the hamlet, worthy road splits into two: the left lane is the path of 1815: we take him on nearly 700 meters. He then joined the current route to the exit immediately, again on his left. We will thus pass under the Summit of the Col de Corobin often takes the car rally of Monte Carlo. We are, fortunately, not at the time of this test and the road is Virgin cars, Virgin of noise, so...
The col de Corobin down so tight switchbacks. The authentic route did not follow this route but she was swept away by the gully. Witnesses will argue you that there are sixty years, it still existed... The brave who dare it can find about this way of 1815 by crossing successive gullies; We will join then the road present shortly before the Clappe.
This last hamlet suffered the vicissitudes since the passage of the Emperor, a passage which secured him a relative fame because it is the episode of the eggs; the innkeeper having asked a high price, Napoleon asked him: "eggs are rare, here? '' And the innkeeper to respond: "not the eggs, sire, but the emperors!
Well, we would have liked to find this hostel. But the hamlet changed considerably. Certainly, we find a small church, that by that time, also indicated on the Cassini map. In our 20th century a summer camp will be created; on this occasion old houses were rehabilitated. Among them, will we find the famous Inn? Today, summer camp, abandoned, is threatened with ruin; the Church, itself, suffered the latest outrages. Could we do something to this hamlet that the passage of an emperor commissioned history and is located in a place that men would be probably happy to re - live.
The path of 1815, at the start of the Clappe, merges with the current departmental 20 and this to the col de Pierre Basse. We will therefore follow that 20 D for a kilometre and a half undergoing its asphalt.
At the top of Pierre Basse, we will take the wide path on our left; There is the authentic way ground largely modified, improved, we told
But we can quickly detach ourselves to recognize the route, on our right, named bpwg
We will follow in a solitude that nothing disturb and which allows us to imagine what should be the thoughts of men who passed there, a day of March in the snow...
This way, we leave it by the right, before Entrages, through a stony slope where the authentic traced, achieve an oratory (dit Notre-Dame) at the foot of the coast leading to Entrages.
Thus, the Emperor passed on the floor of Entrages but not crossed the village.

Chapter 19: March 4, 1815 at the end of morning, Entrages in Digne

Successful at the Notre-Dame oratory, the grognards left left Entrages-mounted (they crossed not this village) and continued their descent towards Digne with the path of Earth become today the 120 D who joined the 20 D at the beginning of a small valley at the bottom which is backed by the "farm" of scallop that existed in 1815. In this small Valley flows up to Digne, the river of the 'hot water'.
Before you look at the authentic 'path', say a few words "scallop". Alternately described as 'farm' or 'Castle', this large building with a nice length, flanked by two towers-colombiers on the ends fit, in the 14th century, part of a Comtal domain. In 1815, at the crossing of the Emperor, he belongs to a family of Ganga. Adjacent to this 'Castle' is very broad since it employs about 50 hectares on worthy and 100 on Entrages. In 1897, a rich American woman, Edith May Cassot, widow Montgomery, buys the whole and becomes the "scallop Lady". Currently, he is the property of the family Payan.
Return to the path of 1815...But let the pen to a Digne, Monsieur Roux: ".. .the route Napoléon, descended from Entrages and arrive in the flat Valley departed hot water 150 metres in front of the castle of scallop to mount substantially to the edge of this impressive building...". From here it followed, on 600 meters in a straight line, the base of the wooded mountain oak and the edge of the vast fields of the field of scallop, this 1901 which is to say that this mountain (actually a hill...) separates, since, the old route Napoleon and the current road bordering the waters warm.
"Arrive at a sort of pass near the highest cultivated land, the Napoleon road descending through a wood of Oaks, a Switchback at an acute angle and steep (18%) to a few hundred metres, in a gorge collected forming small waterfalls on the rock strata under which crossing fording the narrow bed of the ravine. This steep place, she continued, plan horizontal in robines Festoon pass where passes the winding chemin départemental No. 20.

Fall of Treasury

"This horizontal route has a length of 400 metres. Established on the slopes of the Hill of Queen Jane, it is bordered, distance distance, by old walls of several meters tall and large dry stone retaining. It is noted that the line of EDF passes throughout this former route of road over one kilometre from the castle of scallop to the pass of the same name. Some of these retaining walls are partially collapsed, the route being abandoned since the creation of the current in 1901 along the warm waters..."
This text to a Digne familiar places is accurate and corresponds to what we found. It refers to a 'hill of Queen Jane', this calls for accuracy. On a peak that bypasses the authentic way is a ruin of Queen Jeanne. Was it a castle or a defense of the parade before the arrival in Digne? The details are difficult to obtain on this point. But the name 'Queen Jeanne' must take all its significance. It is not a castle she would build or that belonged to him: the name simply means a time and allows a dating. This ruin is 14th century or 15th century... and we believe, given its strategic location, that she had a defensive nature on the way it dominated.
It is in this scabrous passage that would be produced the famous crash of a loaded Mule of the Treasury and falling into the ravine...
I always heard that, since my childhood, by the Digne old who claimed that at the beginning of the century there were still gold coins, in this ravine. Peyrusse wrote that the accident occurred at night.
Spent it here around 10 p.m., as some were writing? It is known that he was sentencing to follow the troupe with its heavily loaded mules. It was long overdue. We know, because we have reported them along the course, that several carrier Mule's treasure falls are indicated, including in the ascent to Escagnolles and cervical and probed. Were there several falls? We do not believe it. Because Peyrusse reports that one that would have occurred at night. He should know where he slept, what were its stages... If he slept like Napoleon at Barrême, we surprise fort he was found in the neck of scallop in 22 hours. On the other hand, if he slept at Castallane on the evening of March 3, then it would have been day pass and probed and Festoon night.
We conclude therefore not on this subject, having failed to find the exact Peyrusse market. But there must exist some interesting elements in some library... It is in any case the Peyrusse market that provide information accurately treasure researchers or at least fans of historical accuracy.

The baths of Digne

After this difficult passage for the old highway, we quickly reach the thermal baths of Digne.
When he managed to very old since thermal hotel operated by the Romans, I ' Emperor had a thought for his dear Pauline who came here to take baths and he had said some things.
The establishment of 1815 had in common with that of today the place. But views of the early century reflect us quite faithfully what it was in 1815 with, however, a poorly supported aging. Presumably, indeed, that these rather gloomy 1900 buildings should have a charm some hundred years ago. Enough, in doubt, to retain an imperial Princess.
From thermal hotel, 1815 road corresponds with the current trace. But it was a path of land, approximately four meters wide.
It manages thus to the District of Barbejas, then after crossing the torrent from the Dourbes, it managed to fit door, now defunct, giving access to the street mother-of-God that we find almost as it was in 1815... tar and more!
This street, Cambronne of first, and then the Emperor borrowed it.
And it had to be an impressive show for the few Digne privileged who were fortunate to be there by chance, a chance that associated them with the story.

Document

It seems interesting to pay to the folder of this route, we just follow from Barrême, wrote André Coquis in his "history of worthy" (éditions Jeanne Laffitte):
"In August 1837 Council was taken to deal with the issue of the route of the baths. The Royal route from Digne to Antibes by Barrême was classified since 1807, but it was passable only until the establishment of the baths. Could not move to horse or mule.
"The Council asked it améliorât it instead of choosing another route as it had proposed. A road through the Valley of the Asse would require also more work (flood torrents, landslides of rocks chabrières...). "The track switching would harm the interests of the city, because the current road crosses the agglomeration, that would not make the other. Worthy has no industry, that leaves him at least his role of passageway. May 7, 1839, is nevertheless announced to Council that worthy at Barrême Road will go through Châteauredon and Chabrières. The Council calls while at least the road that passes by the bathroom be recognized road."
A very instructive text on what were our roads less than two centuries ago! And on the State of the road of Barrême at Digne, by Chaudon.

Chapter 20: 4 March 1815. From noon to 3 p.m., at Digne

They entered the city by the bathroom door, demolished in 1830, and giving access to the mother-of-God street we find little changed at the level of the buildings.
They went to the sound of the drum and this was a special show for the Digne stunned. At the end of the street, the small square of the bishopric. The bishopric disappeared, replaced by a modern building.
To the left, the Hôtel du Département is also very recent. But facing us, the old houses have been preserved; Some contain architectural wealth: stairs, ceilings... The square itself has been enlarged in 1830 and its soil, tarred, has nothing to do with that of 1815. They then took the "alley" which descends to the course of the Ares and the Pré de Foire, today place de Gaulle, and thus came to the hotel du Petit Paris (sis 2, rue Jeu de Paume) held by Louis Bausset and his wife, née Véronique Guichard; one of their descendants live worthy, at our end of the 20th century.
Saturday has, from time immemorial, always been fair in Digne day. The farmers of the surrounding area bring their produce and great animation reigned in the town. It was on Saturday, March 4, 1815 and one had said that Napoleon had chosen this day...
Ancient Diwakar, built near Notre-Dame du Bourg, existing more, the city was transported to the middle ages around the hill where stood the Bishop's Castle and then, later, the Saint-Jérôme Cathedral.
If the Castle gave way to a prison, the 15th-century cathedral is still there with its dominating Spire. It is due to the Bishop Antoine Guiramand and was built by Antoine Brollion, a bricklayer from Barcelonnette, from 1490 to 1500. In some cities, urban sprawl leads to the construction of buildings whose height exceeds the steeples of churches or cathedrals. The symbolism of the spiritual is thus obscured and the spiritual itself gives way... No danger that doesn't happen in Digne. Urbanism flourished, while the Bell Tower of the Cathedral nothing ventured; It will still dominate the city high, straight and proud!
But try to relive March 4, 1815...
While the men settled for two hours of rest and a frugal meal on the course of the Ares and Pré de Foire, the Emperor had lunch at Bausset.
He received, especially...The royalist Mayor, Monsieur de Gassendi Tartonne, and the interview is short!
Assistants to the Mayor, Itard and D'estournel. The first, Napoleon will be the new mayor of worthy... as it will do for Vallauris and Cannes, including.
On the other hand, the emperor will not receive the Bishop of Digne, Monseigneur de Miollis, known yet for his Bonapartist feelings... a Bishop agreed by his higher feelings and that serve as an example to Victor Hugo. The latter will be the "Monseigneur" from les Misérables, he that receiveth, in Digne, the convict Jean Valjean

Departure of Digne

Anecdotal way, we will post that Beau de Rochas was born in Digne on 9 April, street of the Town Hall, one month after the passage of Napoleon; his mother, pregnant, looked pass the Emperor?
Cambronne will leave Digne to 13 hours. The Emperor and the bulk of the troops follow it shortly after fifteen hours. It borrows the "Chemin Neuf", boulevard Gassendi. This path is traced out the limited city, on the north side to the current street of I'Hubac.
The buildings will be built along the way. Nine until later, in the 19th century. One example is the Grand Hotel Rémusat, today Residence of tourism space Morel, which will be built shortly after 1850.
At the end of the road nine 'great 'of the stone bridge to cross the Bléone, a major tributary of the Durance. The engravings of the time show the importance of this bridge in a time when they were relatively rare. It suffices, to be convinced, look on the Cassini map the number of bins across the Durance between Manosque, Sisteron and the almost total absence of bridges in this area.
Napoleon crossed so the Grand Pont which in 1815, there were twelve arches one of them being replaced by a bridge in wood since the flood of 1803... and not yet repaired!
The population of the city was amassed along the new road to see this extraordinary show.
The chevau-légers precede hunters walk from Malet... then come the grenadiers, the staff and the battalion followed Napoleon Corsica...
We took the precaution of leaving a rearguard commanded by Drouot, which will leave Digne until the following day.
Napoleon knows that its execution speed is more endangering its arrears as its vanguard. And then there is always Peyrusse and his mules, eternal stragglers who happen to fit that on the night of 4-5 March.
And still ensure on a treasure that is useful...
This was the move to worthy of the emperor. And the capital of the Haute-Provence and entered the Imperial history.

Chapter 21: Living the authentic route Napoléon

In the previous chapters we found the path of 1815, at least when it still exists. However, this way, we would like to see it revived.
This is why was created, in 1990, "the Association for the giant Napoleon Raid".
As early as 1992, in collaboration with the Association market mountain in Vallauris, the first Raid was conducted Saint-Vallier to Digne, walking, in four stages.
The success, this market has become a classic, the big weekend of Ascension. In 1993, we have added, the previous weekend, a regatta of the island of Elba in Golfe-Juan.
There is still place for two very sporting competitions as played on a difficult course, one race
at foot of great merits, an all Terrain bike. Remain us to add horses...
This set of activities together in a same Raid will actually make a "giant RAID.
Of all the more giant that history is naturally associated with the Napoleonic epic fought on these places.
But such RAID can be, again, a special field of medical experimentation. It is understood the doctor Allignol and the Association française des diabetics (AFD), which, in 1993, conducted experiments at sea, between Elba and Golfe-Juan, and on Earth, through the four stages of Saint-Vallier at Digne.

Courses for a Raid

The authentic way of 1815 does not survive, we saw, in its entirety but variants exist and Walker, jumper or the cyclist stay constantly in touch with Nature.
It therefore remains to point out the different possible routes, being understood that whenever the authentic path exists in its state of 1815, we'll take.

A: De Grasse at Saint-Vallier

It will start at the beginning of the path of Cabris or Roquevignon.
Disadvantage: the GR that we borrow obliges us to take tar Cabris road to the Col du Pilon road.
Another possibility: from the beginning of this path.
Anyway, must go through this path and borrow hundreds of metres, at least.
At the first crossroads on the left could then take the GR 51 up to the cross of Cabris, where one will follow a short distance D 4 of Cabris at Saint-Vallier to join this last village.
Another possibility is to maintain the path of the neck of the pestle until the N 85 you will then follow to pass.
There, it will commit on the left to take, under the power line, a path joining the previous height of the Bastide mark.

B: Saint-Vallier at Escragnolles

One possible route, one that followed the Emperor and indicated on the map.

C: Of Escragnolles in Seranon

A single course of Escragnolles in the Galants.
Can then continue this path (recommended) or continue the SD 2 to col de Valferriere where one will find on the right, through the wood, the previous path.

D: Of Seranon at Mousteiret

Will be sought to follow the true path because it is overshadowed by the current route. Therefore, will pass through to the departure of Broundet, SD 2 until the leases where we will join by the grazing of the greenhouse and the cavalier track, the small road to the Mousteiret River.

E: From Mousteiret to la Batie

A single course: authentic path of 1815.

F: De la Batie in the custody

The authentic path has disappeared almost entirely on this stretch, only remains one way to mi-col of Luens. Follow it brings us to the pass from where we can either continue on the tar from the
N 85, either take the path of Earth on the left, towards Sebet Hill.
In 1.5 miles around we succeed to a trail on the right and down into the ravine of Sagnes up the road to Eoulx in La Garde: we go then on the Guard (a little more than one kilometre).
Another interesting variant will be take the small road that la Bâtie, participate next hunters Hall, on the left of the N 85; We will follow the sur500 meters, about, before taking the path which, on our right, will lead us Sebet, then the small road of Eoulx in La Garde, under the locality Clavet. From there, we will easily assemble on the guard.
Variants: from the built in Castellane.
1.    Another variant on the course La Bâtie - Castellane will bring us to take, from the Hill of Sebet, the path leading to Eoulx by the Saint-Anthony Vault. To Eoulx we will join Castellane through Font Holy, Cloutas, clos Marshal where we will join D 102 us bringing in Castellane.
2.    La Bâtie, the route of the river that it will leave will be taken to the "launch", shortly before the river by a path on the left we reach a beautiful chapel ruined on a nipple. Then by hotter on city and Séguret, by a very green landscape and the beautiful unobstructed views, we will gain the Summit of the Tang to enjoy an exceptional view. Of the Tang we descend by beautiful slopes to the shaved grass on the guard...

G: Guard in Castellane

GR 4, which follows the course of the way authentic, Napoleon will be followed.

H: From Castellane to Taulanne

Among different possible routes, we distinguish two.
1.    We will follow the N 85 and begin the climb up to the middle of the second pin. There, on the left, we take the path of the Bastide of the convent. After passing the ravine of Sionne, we take a path on the right. It will take us near the top of the pass, passing below the hamlet of lower Sionne. Maybe it's the authentic trace of 1815... almost...
2.    In the centre of Castellane, we borrow the Sub-Prefecture Street; It leads us to the path of the COE. We will assemble in the Woods under the rock of the Castel of Ruel. We meet a wide forest path making us down on the top of the pass and probed.
Variant: shortly after our encounter with the forest path, we can take a path on the left, which will allow us to arrive at Tau lanne avoiding any paved road.

I: From Taulanne to Sandra

Three hundred meters after the Bivouac Napoléon, we will take the little bridge of wood on our left.
We thus commit on the authentic path we will follow up to La Tuilière.
Here, we take the path of the Maureliere. A dirt road will take us from this point until Sandra through land overlooking the Asse of Blieux.

J: Of Senez at Barrême

At the end of the village, take the path that leads to the bridge but, before crossing the latter, embarking on the path that we will forward the course of the Asse of Blieux along magnificent cultures courses and up to the small road descending from Riou of Orgeas. We will cross this road to continue to follow the Asse, on the same bank, until Barrême where we cross, Ford, Asse.

K: De Barrême at Chaudon

Behind the Church of the village, we will take the street that passes in front of the Town Hall and climbs towards Chaudon. This is the authentic path Napoleon.

L: By Chaudon to the Clappe

We cannot avoid borrowing the departmental and the col de Corobin on that portion that we will carry out in little more than one hour
The intrepid can try their luck by cutting through the "robines»... to prevent the lace-up collar, bit tiring, however, since we take in the down direction.

M: Of the Clappe to Entrages

We shall avoid the tarmac road by taking the path that goes to the West and leads after a kilometre about, SD 2, almost straight will lead us to Entrages in a big time...
Another possibility: take the 20 D at the start of the Clappe. The follow up to the col de Pierre Basse. It will then take forest road, on the left, to join the previous path.

N: Of Entrages in Digne

Two options are available to us:
1.    Take the road that descends from the village and joined the 20 D. We will then suffer the tar up worthy but we will have the consolation of being (except around scallop) on the way authentic, Napoleon.
2.    Take the step of Entrages (beautiful point too difficult climb) where you sink down into a ravine allowing us to bypass the Summit of le Cousson. We will move to the high built de Cousson then we will descend on worthy through two curious rocks, "Donkey ears"... We are not far from the centre, close to the college (former grammar school Gassendi).

Epilogue

Here we reached the goal.
Of course, the player is entitled to wonder; Why therefore stop at Digne? ... The Napoleon road continues beyond!
Two reasons for this.
The first is dictated by the logic and our respect for the reader. The search for the authentic path is long and requires frequent interventions on the ground. Not wanting to speak of what we know (about...) we had so limited space, the subject of our discussion.
The second was imposed by searching for the physical difficulties that had to be subjected to the Emperor and his men. However, the altitude and ground accidents occur mainly between Grasse and Digne. This is where they suffered the most...
At the beautiful Château de Malijai, in this March 4 in the evening, he had defeated the Nature.
He had to face Europe.
Camille Bartoli, Golfe-Juan, March 1994

Saint-Pancrace - Digne
Digne
Bléone Valley - Digne
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