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Mobile home installation and legislation

Besides the selective aspect of your choice, depending on the region, the degree of desired sunshine etc, you will drive to a space provided for the mobil-home: either a residential leisure park or Campsite. Do not take the risk of installing a mobile home on your private property, under penalty of fine before three months.


Legislation on installation


The rules relating to the conditions of implementation of the mobil-homes on specific sites are relatively new and were created primarily for the purpose of preventing the uncontrolled introduction of mobile homes.



The private ground


Contrary to what one might imagine, it is not possible to install a mobile home on a private plot.
 Indeed, since the - I-October 2007, mobile homes can no longer, unless an exception, be installed on private plots. In the event of failure to comply with the regulation, mobil-home will be considered as a construction built without permission and may be punished for violation of the rules of Urbanism (absence of request for building permits or prior declaration).
 An exceptional derogation may however be granted by certain municipalities in accordance with the departmental Direction of equipment (DDE) for a temporary installation of mobile home on private land, especially during the construction of his house.
 The text also provides that at the end of three months, the manufacturer is required to provide the premises in their original state, and thus remove the mobile home.
 In this context, it is possible to install a mobile home on a private for a period of three months. If ever, installation time exceeds three months, the municipality could maintain a record to find the infringement of the Code of urbanism. In the event of infringement, offenders face a fine provided for by the Code of Urbanism (article L.480 - 4) between 1,200 euros and an amount that cannot exceed EUR 6 000 per square metre of surface. In case of recidivism, imprisonment for 6 months may also be pronounced.
 Now, the mobil-homes can no longer be installed in residential Parks Recreation, campsites or holiday villages.
 Council
 Attention to the very heavy penalties for illegal installation of a mobile home on a private plot.


Special Offers

Chalet on campsite at Castellane Mobile-home
Starting from 301 €/Week

Mobile-home at Castellane Chalet
Starting from 350 €/Week

Camping pitches at Castellane Gorges du Verdon Pitches Gorges du Verdon
Starting from 18 €/Night


Leisure residential parks


Leisure residential parks are fairly widespread in France (there are hundreds), and can be considered as an operating mode intermediate between traditional camping and 'recreational subdivision. The PRL are intended to primarily receive light houses of leisure (HLL), which are cottages or bungalows, and that are defined by the town planning Code (article R.111 - 31) as "constructions for non-professional use, removable, transportable, constituent housing or intended for temporary or seasonal occupancy.
 Leisure residential parks are distinguished from campgrounds in several respects:

  • •PRL locations are larger that in conventional campgrounds (200 m2), often better insulated to each other and the mandatory common equipment are generally more numerous;
  • •they are ongoing operating while the campgrounds may where appropriate to be operating a seasonal;
  • •they can be operated either by assignment of locations, rental locations, either under a regime 'hotel '.

The town planning Code (article R.111 - 34) indicates that mobile homes can not be installed in the PRL created after October 1, 2007, operated by assignment of locations or rental of slots for a period exceeding one year renewable.
 As a result, mobile homes from private owners cannot be installed in the PRL operated under Hotel regime. This scheme is defined by the Code of tourism (article D.333 - 4) which explains that PRL operated under the hotel regime are intended for the reception of light houses of recreation, leisure and caravans mobile homes. They greet customers who do not elect there home.
 Note however that a residential leisure park cannot be operated under Hotel regime only on the double condition that one person or entity has ownership or enjoyment of the land and that the operation is assured by a single person or entity.



Council


Be sure to check the operating mode of the residential leisure park before placing your mobil-home. Only parks residential operated under Hotel scheme can receive the mobil-homes from private owners.



Campgrounds


Tourism (article D.331 - 1-1) Code defines the campsites as being serviced lots intended "to welcome tents, caravans, mobile recreation residences and light leisure homes. They consist of slots bare or equipped with one of these facilities as well as common amenities. They are subject to a seasonal or permanent operation and welcome customers who do not elect are home. They must have rules of procedure consistent with a model stopped by the Minister responsible for tourism.
 Campgrounds are divided into two broad categories, depending on whether they are classified with the term 'tourism' or the words 'leisure' (article D.332 - 1-1 code of tourism).



Camping 'tourism' vs 'hobbies'

    1.with the mention 'tourism', serviced lots of camping and caravan site if more than half of the number of referred to as slots slots 'tourism' is intended for rental per night, week or month for a clientele of passage;
    2.with the mention 'leisure', managed campgrounds and caravan if more than half of the number of referred to as slots slots 'leisure' is intended for than month rental by customers who do not elect are home.

Mobile homes from private owners will be therefore installed mainly on residential camping plots of the type 'leisure '.



Holiday villages


The tourism Code (article D.332-1-1) indicates that is regarded as holiday village any accommodation centre, subject to a comprehensive character holding commercial or not, to ensure holiday, as a lump sum price stays with, besides the pension, the use of common facilities, sports facilities and collective entertainment.
 Holiday resorts include:

  • •individual or collective accommodations and premises management and services;
  • •common facilities for sporting activities and collective entertainment;
  • •for meals, one or other of the following two formulas: restaurant or individual kitchen by lodging with or without distribution of meals.

These structures differ mainly campgrounds and residential parks of leisure by the fact they include systematically common facilities such as sports facilities and collective distractions, and stay in their midst is a stay in pension.
 A holiday village may include all or part of the premises of accommodation without foundations, removable, transportable or towable (article D.325 - 3-3 of the Code of urbanism). It is possible to install mobile homes, but it will be mobile homes intended for rental and belonging to the operator site and not of mobile homes belonging to private owners.



The purchase and rental of long-campsite


Before the publication of the Decree of September 29, 2011, some operators of campsites offered different mountings so that owners of mobile homes can better guarantee the sustainability of their installation on the sites. Indeed, the location rental contract, subject to no specific rules, notes of the civil Code that leaves a large freedom of contract to the lessor. Some individuals have wanted to directly purchase of slots within the campgrounds.
 This editing is closer then a mode of management largely inspired by real estate development, consisting of the fragmentation of the land for the installation of mobile homes and the transformation of campsites in kinds of 'light subdivisions.
 Absence will assign plots, some campsite operators have also imagined to propose the "acquisition" (in fact, the right to the enjoyment) of a parcel in return for the purchase of shares in the company that operates the landscaped or enter into leases of very long duration (up to 30 years or more).
 Unfortunately, neither of these modes of management allows to owners of mobile homes of sufficient guarantees with regard to their rights and obligations to the operator. The field located officially be the property of a legal person, the operator, the risk of conflicts between the 'owner' customers and operators including on issues of operation and financing of this precarious condominium (which maintains? Who invests? Who pays?) was inevitable.
 If prohibit the sale of parcelled land, except to call into question the right of property, the legislature's objective therefore was to make moot the sale or rental of long-term parcel. It is now made with the Decree of September 29, 2011.



New limitations on rights of mobile homes on certain grounds facilities


In order to combat the transformation of land for camping and accommodation of recreational places of permanent habitat and de facto subdivisions, Decree n ° 2011-1214 September 29, 2011, adapting the provisions of the town planning Code relating to campgrounds and at leisure residential parks, now prohibits the installation of mobile homes on locations inside a campinga holiday village classified as light accommodation or home family and which have undergone:

  • •of a transfer of full ownership,
  • •the transfer of social rights giving vocation to his assignment in property or enjoyment,
  • •or a rental for a period longer than two years.

In order to not jeopardise existing situations and, in particular, already past contracts between private individuals, article R.111 - 34-2 of the Code of urbanism has as well as these new provisions are not applicable:

  • •at the campgrounds incorporated real estate civil society for awarding registered before the date of publication of the order (i.e. before 1 - October 2011);
  • •at the locations of campsites, villages holiday or family holiday having homes dependencies transferred regardless of the mode before the date of publication of this Decree;
  • •until the term of the contract, to the locations of campsites, villages holiday or dependencies of family holiday homes having a lease for a period exceeding two years before the date of publication of the Decree.

However, there are some exceptions concerning the installation of mobile homes outside the areas laid down for this purpose.

Derogations from the prohibition on introduction of mobile homes out of serviced lots


There are two exceptions to the prohibition of establishment of mobile homes out of serviced lots:



Temporary storage places


Under the town planning Code (article R.111-35) mobile homes can be stored for their next use, on land allocated to the collective of the caravans and mobile leisure homes garage, parking areas open to the public, vehicle depots and garages collective caravans or mobile recreational homes.



Temporary facility (in the case of relocation due to natural or technological disasters


According to the town planning Code (article R.111 - 36), prefectural decision, mobile homes can be installed on a temporary basis, in any other field to allow the temporary relocation of victims of natural or technological disasters.



The conditions of occupation


The mobil-homes are intended for occupation "temporary" or "seasonal" use of leisure. Most of the time privately owned mobile homes will be installed on campsites categorized in 'leisure' intended for more than month rental by customers who do not elect there home.
 The prohibition to elect domicile in a mobile home implies that it is not possible to state the address of the campsite where is installed the mobile home as including:

  • •the place of payment of its taxes, and the income tax specifically;
  • •instead of exercising its political rights, i.e. practically that of the inscription on the lists of electors; the place of registration of his car.


 In order to avoid the installation permanent owners of caravans to campsites, including open throughout the year, a draft law on lightweight leisure habitats and outdoor accommodation and on various provisions relating to tourism (text no. 114 tabled in the Senate on November 17, 2011), provides a new article in the Code of tourism (article L.335 - 1).
 This article provides "that in case of leasing in a campground or caravan or another area designed for this purpose equipped conveniently or not accommodation, for a period exceeding three months, the tenant provides to the hirer proof of address of principal residence dating from less than three months".
 By requiring customers to which they lease a location of mobil-home for a period longer than three months they produce proof of address their principal residence, operators will be able to ensure that these do not de facto home elect in their campsites. Of course the problem of direct debit does not arise when the campsites close at least one month per year.
 However, this provision is not applicable in the case of temporary relocation carried out at the request or with the agreement of the Mayor of the municipality of implantation of the field.






Lac Camping
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Campsite at Castellane
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Pétanque

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