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PASS VERDON
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Tell us the story of the Verdon

The Gorges du Verdon provoked many writings, poems, novels or simply the testimony of fervent defenders of these places. Quote them all would be difficult, but not to mention them at all would be an affront to the mysteries of the Gorges du Verdon and the inspired authors. Come in Provence, come to Castellane to meet and approach the Verdon, finally is the goal of many of you. Don't leave before you have, at least once, enjoy the enchanting and fantastic landscape offer the Gorges du Verdon.

Road circuits: two sites in one

This site, which we call Gorges du Verdon, should be referred to as Gorges and Canyons du Verdon, this would recognize the first uniqueness of this monument of Nature exists nowhere else. In reality, the Gorges du Verdon are the Assembly of two absolutely dissimilar sites: a great Gorge and a small Canyon. Great throat affects a hill, the little Canyon is part of a lake bottom, both unite as exceptional point: the Mescla. This connection is carried out by the presence of another site also special that can be the Artuby canyon which, without competing with others, more than by its narrowness, its vertical drop, its strangeness, its wildness, its geological interest.
The great Gorge, or Eastern, develops the clue of Taloire at the Mescla, on a length of 25 km. Its centerpiece is constituted by the circus of stopovers, 1,500 m wide, 900 meters of depth. One enters by the parade Samson, gloomy and terrifying with its 450 m of vertical walls at the foot of which stand eboules blocks of 50 m height forming impressive piles.
The little Canyon, or West side, extends from the Mescla Galetas portal, on a length of 20 km. Its main element is the Imbut and the Emerald arches (1,100 m of drive, 5 m. wide). Is introduced by the blessed Baou, gleaming and menacing with its walls overlooking 300 m. great ground base more vaults of 200 m. of opening, 70 m high and 50 m of depth.
The Canyon of the Artuby deserves to be considered the third thief in this natural trilogy the first men be held for sacred. This torrent naturally drained much of the year, after having, by gorges, followed a path from East to West, turns due north to join the Verdon by a canyon losing 140 m of difference in altitude on a length of 6 km. It is, with the leases, tributary right bank of the Verdon, the only one to be able to join the great torrent without requiring to cascades of connection.

The Natural Monument

All Provence routes lead to the Gorges du Verdon where they are formed, forming a collar choke having destroyed all the secrets that defended these Highlands.You, who today get to all engines, no longer have this long and slow revelation whose essential appeal was to train these landscapes for you alone. However, the extravagant life of planet Earth has still a few Visual surprises. To do this, just prepare your mind to receive this gift of Nature; therefore put great care in your discovery by the Ribbon of asphalt.
Where you come from, Europe, the France, Provence, you have already used to the beautiful and mysterious landscapes. Where as you tackle the essential site of this Valley Verdon, the land is different as are the doors of a temple placed at the four cardinal points. Four convergences are clearly distinguished from each other and have so many variations that the Sun, Great Lord of places, made of rays. Various landscaped shows lead you in a place where they blend to form an array consisting by assembling what may be encountered elsewhere. However it is miniaturized to a patient and laborious discovery.
The site features two access doors: Eastern or upstream, downstream or the Western (upstream and downstream setting in this abyss, where arrives and goes the Verdon):
•    East (Castellane) converge three directions from the Dignois the upper Valley of Verdon of the Niçois hinterland.
•    Southeast (Comps-s/Artuby), Côte d'Azur sneaks by the country of Grasse and the country of Draguignan.
•    South definitively cut us since the region has lost the outstanding Plans of Canjuers.
•    Southwest (Aups) are scrambling all the famous places of the Mediterranean coast of Esterel in the Camargue.
•    to the West, share and other Valley (Baudinard, Quinson) infiltrate Marseille and Aix-en-Provence.
•    Northwest (Moustiers-Sainte-Marie), it is the great flood from the Valley of the Durance, open to all human currents of France and Europe.
•    in the North continues, for how long, difficult penetration and risky, only way of wisdom that the ' autos' and green motorcycles ' begin to corrupt.
Where that one arrives, the spectacle of Nature and humans is qualified in all its expressions. Added to this, as to create a vital and perpetual, dispute the fact that the region is the meeting place of four distinct climates: Mediterranean, Provence, continental, alpine altitude; We are thus gratified to specific weather effects, playing on the value but also on the duration of the time and seasons. Thus you can enjoy other ways to be of this country, fugitive, but how significant since they give to the site of the aspects that could be described as transformed. It will have in turn: the weariness of the heat, the fullness of the warmth, the wrathful cold, now suspended from the change of face when promises disruption as the finger of God mixing the colors of the universal palette.

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The Verdon seen from above

If you avoid the trap that is to let only impress by vacuum, you will be much more available to mingle with the intimacy of these changing places everyone turns, to each point of view, this of course everything around you not only toward the abyss. You'll want to be friend, even momentary, of this site that you feel exceptional, from fantasy, the inexplicable.
Long, too long for maintaining their integrity, the Gorges du Verdon were admired in the near-total ignorance of their both geological, that ecological, human, historical reality. A celebrity with no protected them of convenience of the modern world accommodating too easily the lie and the semblant in all forms.
By these few lines, I'll try to give you the most and the most useful of you must know of the Gorges of the Verdon views from above. i.e. roads. However cannot me get into the details, too, will we fly over places and facts in order to approach some realities and truths. The geology that created the reliefs where are born the landscapes that interest you, we especially try to discern nuances that are, in fact, a huge dissimilarity of the South to the North and East to the West. The presence of humans, perhaps is it better to focus than with that of the past because it better meets your deep, unexplained sensations.

Geology: creation of the Gorges du Verdon

The rocks that constitute these reliefs are marine limestone deposited in a deep sea located north of a relief today disappeared to make room for the Mediterranean. The duration of the deposits is staggered lower Jurassic to mid-Cretaceous included, covering a period of less 200 million years at least 80 million years. During this sedimentation, special circumstances existed; they will cause and participate in the geological site unicités: situation of high background, absence or prevalence of certain seas, disposal of old reliefs, emergence of reefs, deformations and previous erosions, presence of a volcanic base, irregular thickness of the layers, fragility of sediment.
The existence of the Alps as a result ICT the collision between two plates of the Earth's crust, sediment suffered, under the sea, a first strain with the creation of the Pyrenees. During the preparation of the Alps, the deformation will increase, resulting in the occasional emergence of future relief which the first landscape is that of a coral atoll where live dinosaurs evolving (first crocodile, first turtle, first flying reptile, first Dolphin). Of the important recent sedimentation to the emergence of the first true relief, a period of 20 million years will elapse; It will still take 40 million years for building of the Alps is completed, creating a first set of breaks can be used by water.
At first glance, this appears as a region destroyed by an immeasurable cataclysm, a wound wide open never closed, a barely balanced stack. Relief, vast lakes and more hills, existing there are 70 million years, it remains nothing except a tiny indicator established by the plans and hills of Canjuers. Under the pressure of the Alps, Lakes funds are passed above the hills, but the ripples (Southeast to Northwest) branch remains visible despite a deformation taking place on 40 million years. The lifetime of the initial relief having been approximately 10-15 million years ago, seepage could create Karst (caves and underground) systems important who participated in the creation of the chasm.
First large breaks will appear North to South, following the lying so-called grooves, they are substantial the rift that followed the creation of the Pyrenees before the great alpine crisis. It reached its peak there are 25 million years, extending through successive phases during 13 million; for years, and then by crises for 12 million years that is until our days. Alpine force speaking in the northeast-southwest has moved the reliefs and the masses on several hundred kilometres to the centre a few kilometres or even hundreds of kilometres outside the thrust. The stacks of the elements of the former relief form overlapping with the overload causes of FRAC and subsidence thus constituting a set of faults oriented from East to West. These breaks do not appear suddenly, but by crises (subsidence of dissolution, fractures of karts) generating sizeable earthquakes as well as deformations to the localized consequences.

Birth of water courses

Distension breaks occurred subsidence which rushed both marine and terrestrial. The most important and the more substantial of these basins is visible today because it is the conglomerates of Valensole plateau. It was only after the appearance of the overload fracture, the huge amount of trapped water could find an outlet to the low point is sea level. However, rivers were unable to follow the shortest path to achieve despite the abundance of a permanent flood hydrology.They must adapt to the terrain, not only dismantled but still evolving because of the dissolution of deep layers (gypsum, salts) by seepage. So, Verdon will be tackling a hill, coping with a former lake bottom, helped again by the last alpine tectonic upheavals that more (epicentre seismic Chasteuil and Castillon locally) as the Alps rise again.
If the path of the abyss is due to the accretion of the Alps, his digging does belong in the current Verdon, before him there was no stream traveling on trays.However, water trapped in breaks are set in motion, it took major changes throughout the East-West axis; These are due to the evolution of the Provence which the General slope will change several times of direction during the elevation of the continent. First of all, it took a lowering of the sea level obtained by the faults of the southern continent disappear, but especially the overload produced by the sediments of Valensole (1,500 m thick) which have caused subsidence in an area made weak by the existence of an underground network (continuation of Fontaine L'EVEQUE) which will become the gorges of Baudinard and Quinson. The subsidence or collapse will have two important consequences: the opening of the clue of Mirabeau which drain the Lake of Valensole, initiating the course of the Durance and the lower Verdon, the failover of the mass of limestone of varnish (Garret) that will definitely release waters trapped in breaks prefiguring the abyss of Gorges.

The existence of the Verdon

This is from the time when a current is created that Verdon existed into the chasm; long preparations and laborious because, since the final building of the Alps, 6 million years have passed. The new torrent will 6 millions of years to be what it is in its gorges and canyons; It should clear breaks, enlarge, deepen them. It will successively use several joints (breaks without replays) creating several now extinct canyons and like nothing or almost to that you see with its insignificant torrent.Waters, put in motion by the lowering of the level of retention Lakes, occurred at the base of the walls, are digging huge awnings. However, the masses with deep and high breakage, and erosion up to them, the imbalance precipitated walls, enlarging the chasm. Forced to clear obstacles to collapse, the Verdon has more expanded only deepened his enormous bed. His action almost everywhere identical however did not the same results as the torrent was not, for the same level, in contact with the same rock: most vulnerable and most numerous cracks in the Hill, very resistant and less cracked layers in the former lake bottom.
Verdon was stopped in its erosive ardor by successive glaciations that intervened there are 2 million years. he resumed his terrible momentum that has less 100,000 years to not falter towards less 5,000 years, then disappear in 1973. Gels and staggering thawing period is given us the abyss of today whose lips are deeply chapped side canyons where bound sometimes splendid waterfalls.

History: from the depths of the ages

Caves in the walls, but especially to their feet, invite you to enter into a relationship with humans to this land and their history. Alas, those of today seem to keep their distance, except for traders; as farmers, they go about their business away from you, so they are few. What remains of the great hardworking past of this hive buzzing both literally as figuratively, is only a sham already fading in the hubbub of modernism to dig into quasi-eternel oblivion.
You will be, for the men and landscapes, surprised by the imbalance between the villages, between the areas of activities. In fact, rural man continues in the most productive places not only for face desertification, but especially for produce products still have a course on the economic market: Valensole plateau mainly.Elsewhere, human settlement has been victim of desertification caused firstly by the great wars, on the other hand by the attractiveness of cities, but especially by the rural policy of the Governments ' dry farming in mountain areas.
Villages are abandoned and in ruins, others will be soon, struggling in a demographic slump without end: ageing of the population essentially. A few landowners producers who cling to their dry stone walls are the relics of this upland farming slyly turned the Europe farm and the common market. With respect to the reclassification in the tourism industry, it remains a family case restricted by the fact that here the season is short and unique. A human plague that you do not suspect is the expropriation came from the energy and military installations. Add to that the fact that policy of the elect is to make this Valley a second French Riviera; foreigners acquire more and more land; that the site is more and more polluted; that Verdon became a sewer... well the reasons so you turn back.However, not always was thus a desert nascent, but rather the opposite, maybe too much life and inhabitants for a land to the precarious balance.
In the Valley of the Verdon, human presence dates back to the ancient Paleolithic period 100,000 years ago, several caves of the lower gorge (Quinson) have delivered old vestiges of 80 000 years before our era. The Haute-Provence is still under the influence of glaciation in the Middle Paleolithic (under 60 000 years), the settlement could be only temporary reindeer hunting expeditions including. During the Upper Paleolithic period (20,000 years) glacial climate slowly regressing warplanes belonging to the nascent civilizations more attended the average Valley sinking there more easily. First human settlements could be due to the Magdalenian; were final or provisional kinds of camps advanced to penetrate the upper Valley? It seems that this is the case of the remains found on the plateaus flanking the Canyon, where carved stones and carvings attest to the facts.

The gorges du Verdon during the Neolithic

That Provencal civilizations: Romanelliens, Montadiens, Castelnoviens, are spread on the heights to avoid wetlands due to the melting of the glaciers, this rest of the field of the hypothesis. An assumption not unfounded since these peoples were turned back by first peoples practicing agriculture: it is therefore difficult to date the sites of Verdon attendance since, by obligation, they will come to take refuge, thus prolonging their period and their civilization. All the Highlands the average Valley, high Valley, will gradually become refuge lands. It will be so throughout the time and civilizations since they will continue to push themselves on each other, the latest arrival chasing the previous further in places more difficult.
The Neolithic or "polished stone" age (under 7 000 years), is actually a revolution in human civilization because it replaces not only the 'stone' but totally upsets the acquis and manners by introducing agriculture. Large reindeer hunters have long since left the trays (Highlands) when come to take refuge last hunters-gatherers.They will not long quiet, even in the most inaccessible, because to less 5 000 years, appeared the first pastors who sometimes came from distant lands. Conflict shiny between sedentary farmers and nomadic herders, they were more rapidly advanced towards the high lands of the trays, forcing further and more top latest hunters (Thorame sites).
These are the same access that will be used by various invaders, certainly few peaceful; so to create the prehistoric paths which passages were strategic during the crossing of natural barriers. Related civilization (merchants) due to the existence of previous: livestock and agriculture, will cross the same forced non-points without having to pay fees proportional to the difficulty of access. The presence of these merchants is attested in some caves of the Verdon used Habitat, reservations or maybe cache of robbers as often - was the case historically. The civilization of the Cardial vase will slowly advance towards the Highlands which constitute so first benchmarks to identify people, manners, agglomerations; because there, this time near human concentrations of the most impressive caves (Moustiers-Sainte-Marie).

Protohistory and iron age

If the protohistoric period began 2,000 years ago with the appearance of the metal (copper) in human civilization continued use of polished stone, the inhabitants of the edge of the pits not will benefit only much later. It will be also so throughout the evolution: a constant offset, sometimes very marked not only with Provence, but between the edge of sinkholes agglomerations. The use of bronze, more formidable than the stone axe weapon, certainly rendered great services to these men of the caves remained primarily hunters and warriors.
The iron age (1000 years before our era), will not change the inhabitants and their towns yet to become embryos of cities well organized, easily defensible. Iron ore will be found on-site in small quantities, but operated with address anyway, it was found almost everywhere in Provence. Iron Age appears to be a resurgence of warrior and adventurous spirit among populations miles from the edge of the pits; soon (around 600 BC they will leave in hordes to the cities well formed and rich of Provence (Thelime, Massalia). They will become mercenaries in the pay of these great cities that they were able to defeat. Some of their compatriots join other Gauls and crossed the Alps to civilization more advanced to the plain of the Po. Attached to ethnicity ligure, these hill tribes have offspring also fiercely focused on war and rapine, they will go to wear them in Italy and Greece, always thirsty for blood and greedy for conquests; participant in all abuses will visit convicted the Gauls.

The Roman presence in the Gorge

In 122 BC, the defeat of the Salyes and the establishment of a Roman beachhead in Provence will provide these warriors of the caves with the possibility of an ongoing belligerent activity in enlisting in the armies of Caesar. However, they will fiercely defend their Highlands against the Romans as they did against the Celts;from the top of their cliffs, they do ceded the passage until 32 BC, the rest of their mountainous land yet resistant for 20 years. Who was this people described by Posidonios as a "country wild, ground stone, full of rocks, without wheat, strong women, men lean and dry, chasing more that cultivate, climbing as goats? ''Certainly an assemblage of goings tribes took refuge in these places, residues of local stands but peoples of the cornered crossing a these sites. Where are they now, where are their cities? Roman writings say that some have disappeared and their city; It has to be persuade to browse the region of the Highlands and see where settled by the Gallo-Roman cities such as laugh, just on the edge of the mountains not far from the chasms. Riez, religious city dedicated to the deities of Earth and water, but to those of exceptional natural elements; also It is the extension of that were all time these places consisting of chasms and uplands. Laugh, but also all other towns along this region, mainly in the South, have expanded this consecration of the premises made by the first hunters who frequented the region.
Both on the right bank that on the left bank of the Canyon, the dedicated places are numerous and important. First penetrations is shamans of those beliefs that we have towards the Interior of the great chasm. It was first the upper cliffs then accessible circuses, everywhere where there were a rock breakthrough, a great source?, a break absorbing water, a pile of rocks, a game of light, a dark chasm, a huge cavern, a surprising swamp, a Summit of the strangest. Such belief is based when we know that the first hunters having ventured in these places, attended terrible collapses such as that of the lmbut or contemplated of mind-blowing raw, even rubbed shoulders with a still taken chasm of ice.

The arrival of Christianity

Highlands cut great chasms, peaks where we view the world, fantastic natural Citadel which is impregnable, becoming over time and history a refuge increasingly appreciated and used. Christianity will find shelter in order to undertake the evangelization of Provence, great decisions are taken by refugees influential and powerful, honest people as the robbers make a provisional asylum. One hide and can conceal: you fly and you shall kill there. you rejoice one rebel, one will win and one will lose; well often at inopportune moment of historical events, sometimes resulting in serious consequences; but no matter, essentially being to obey pulse free and proud legacy of prehistoric amalgam.
In recent years, the Gorges du Verdon hit the headlines, often occupying and extensively the pages of the local newspapers, but also even foreign nationals. Is that the reason was important as it was to resume work (1900 project) of deviation of the Verdon out of bed carved in the Gorge, this time avoiding. This action would have been a geographic rape resulting in ecological rape, waters to be placed in an underground pipe across in a straight line the mountains between Castellane and Moustiers. Case which made big noise under different Ministers of the environment, because both supported and opposed by the same party politics, this both on the side of the majority than to that of the opposition, that is, for some Lote as I it is plaçât, spending, scheduled well before the investigations, interested people directly affected by this work. The situation in the Gorge was and remains, without that never are taken into account their ecological uniqueness and their economic value, even when the knowledge progressed.

Modern times

In 1885, the company responsible for the work gets a 99 year lease on the right bank of Carajuan to Garret. When the site stops in 1912, it is only temporarily closed. In 1930, the site is listed among natural to develop for tourism places. A large association of public utility Gets the management of the Gorges, at various facilities and using the drilled tunnels. From 1950, the State suggests that the site is classified natural monument. It was during these years that national hydro-electric production organisation obtains ownership of the right bank to the 700 coast. In the early 1970s, the draft adopts force suffered changes that any applicant for grant of State reserves and applies when it has the concession. Therefore, it became easy to bail out the dealer and the Director of the work since it was the resumption of the site received more than a half century ago. Everything else was that masquerade and powder in the eyes. The situation of the Gorges has still not evolved to a final rescue effective and humane. How can we achieve, each remaining indifferent and on its positions, deadly dams have been built, the Verdon transformed into sewer, sinkholes delivered to tourism consumption, ill-informed public opinion, waste human forces?

What gifts take away?

First and foremost, a pleasant day, a smiling, better yet a time of busy life, site curiosity satisfied, an enrichment of the mind of a ragaillardissement of the forces.Of course, to get these satisfactions, comforts of the difficult hours, you need to spend the days necessary. If, unfortunately, your time is limited, well deploy your senses in all directions, you will make you pleasant gifts. As to the present that you will take for your loved ones or for yourself, know find it among the products of this land. There are productions of the country, everywhere identical with however variations, but primarily and above all the achievements of the terroir fleurant good originality and how to be local creators. You will find the products of these Badlands: Lavender, truffle, honey, almond, goats and sheep. especially their derivatives, conscientiously prepared, ready to unleash your palate. For things that last, reminding you of this generous site whenever your eyes meet, there is a varied and passionate craft creations: art pottery, beautiful pottery, wood turning, worked stone, trained metals, Woven wool, decorated cloth, scented water.You may also be interested in art expressed by the painting, sculpture, drawing, watercolor, poetry, writing, photography, music, storytelling and the galéjade;However, these expressions are very personal and rare.

The activities of yesterday: life in the abyss

Little informed writings attributed to A.E. Martel, hydrologist speleologist, discover the Gorges du Verdon in August of the year 1905. It is only gained public notoriety, following this expedition to study, by a site attended for a long time. Narration by Martel does not highlight this situation of some natives knowing the chasm, or the fact that water so hiking earlier shipments. It does not surrounded himself guides but carriers, it has used people with experience of the Gorges for the support team, it was almost overlooked activities that ago encountered ("Ignored France" is the title of the book and not "France unknown"). Here is what has been about the chronology of the penetration of the Gorges and Canyons, made major and significant made by people from the country or not.
The first to see the Titanic were the end of the ice age hunters. Those that contemplated it a few millennia later were the first inhabitants whose descendants slid carefully off in the upper Gulf. They settled on promontories directly overlooking the torrent in order to sacrifice in their rituals. Those who succeeded them will sink in more accessible circuses: Galetas, Vanillin, Mortmain, stopovers, Trescaire where they established temples in the immense and powerful vaults. A long period of meditation and contemplation, fear and respect covered these sites, deeply rooted a devotion that will continue during thousands of years.

On the shores of hell

Christianity failed to destroy this belief to the contrary, fed; only the fearful mind of the middle ages will make these places hell where demons take refuge.However, it will be the middle ages that will settle definitively humans to the edge of hell. The requirements of the kingship which follows will cause, associated with the Furies of nature, of monstrous famines. This are the ones who push the desperate to go down in a vacuum the deadliest to pick green plants, these roots luscious bottom while on the plateaus, snow prohibits any pick-up feed dying children.
Once fears overcome, when were discovered the agricultural and pastoral values represented by the site, not just some men attended but some settled there for many years (bergerie Guegues  on the right bank). They practiced crop, grazing, gathering, farming, beekeeping and the exploitation of wood, taking the best advantage or essential qualities of the abyss: early and long spring, cool summer, the mild winter. Because of a few families but also of people poor in these places the ideal refuge; These activities lasted until the advent of the machine tool in wood, mainly from the loom. In the beginning of 19th century evolving, it was the Klondike gold rush of the abyss: the boxwood. Majestic forests of splendid trees, having never been exploited, offered the men a new resource. It will last almost ' a century, ending with the industrialization special alloys making disappear the famous studded ball.
It is at the very beginning of the 20th century presents itself a new off-farm activity: the tunneling of derivation of the Verdon. The cave men and their mules will have a role of the first, but the construction will only last a dozen years. After each of the great wars, sites will open around the sinkhole to plot routes, but this is no longer the golden age.
With regard to the discovery by outside businessmen in the region, the first attempts occurred before 1900 with Janet. They came to nothing, nor those of other adventurous. Mr Joly, in 1928, succeeded the first crossing of the underground Verdon while Isidore Blanc was the guide since the post-war period from 1920.The first paddlers attempted and succeeded the first crossing in 1934 (the must to Baker); about Mahuzier, he managed the first film in 1937. During all that time, la Palud-sur-Verdon Flory lend their competition with each other, without further consideration that not have received the Verdoniens of ancient darkness.

The villages to know around Verdon

Castellane

Gate East of the Canyon, provides access to the site by a strange Valley all clues and meanders; This sort of such rocks the Brandis Cadieres propylaeum, prepares for the extravagance of this mineral universe. Its first glory was to be a Roman civitas of which a part of the economy was due to the exploitation of salt, where its name from Castel Salinae, the city following the ligure oppidum located on the large rock. Its current appearance is due to a flourishing medieval, enclosing it in a set of towers and ramparts very beautiful and original. In reality, four are are successive, playing all of hub and stronghold, enjoying a degree of independence. First, it was on the rock, the Gallic settlement, then the Roman city, then the city was built on the plain, surrounding himself with fortifications; It was only after major disorders of the wars of religion that it came out of its walls. All around, the nature has attractions to know: Cadieres of Brandis, the Rayaup gorges, jagged peaks of the game, dark Lakes of Chaudanne. The vestiges of the past are numerous and varied, including chapels lost in the tormented relief.Castellane is no lack of character.

Rougon

Small village perched on the right bank, opposite the parade Samson. Established on a rocky ridge of limestone straightened, it leans to a steep rock from where the view of the Canyon is truly sublime. The top of this rock is a former fortified, single platform of its kind. The panorama that we view embraces the entire site of gorges and canyons. This true nest of Eagles fame came from his 'Aiglons' intrepid trappers-poachers who formed the first holders of the expeditions of discovery. Celebrity also came from one of his teachers, Isidore Blanc, to whom we owe the coming of E.A. Martel, whom he accompanied in his expedition.Later, he set up the first visitors guides.

Trigance

Throw the Jabron, dominated by a castle built in the mountain, it lengthens hillside facing away from the Canyon, its gleaming facade of the first light of the day. Its opening to the Verdon is done by the curious gorges Horseshoe of Suns, this today serene hamlet which was both shaken by the Knights Templar events. Valley at elegant bridges crossing the waters of the current torrent at the mills which ceased to grind, here are several centuries, because a flow of blood came to stop them.

La Palud-sur-Verdon

Built on a small promontory in swamps that gave it its name, the village nestles in the hollow of a raised high plateau at the edges making it a range of mountains. If its bell tower was taller, the Rooster could see across the chasms that surround it on all sides, gigantic ditches of an immense impenetrable fortress. Ideally located in the centre of the triangle formed by the two parts of the Canyon, there are steps that we do on many and varied paths always resulting in different landscapes whose shows are constantly changing. The small bell-tower is a great age and a surprising Romanesque purity. The Castle, heavily stuck in the middle of the houses, evokes the relentless activities of the past when all the surrounding reasoned shouts of men and beasts occupied to survive. What is left of the glory of yesterday?
Remember: boxwood cutters, Scouts of bees, gleaners of lavender mountain, the shepherds of the deep, with chainsaw and even conscientious replanteurs than others, first dreamers daring to venture into the hell of rocks and water.

Aiguines

On the left bank, at the West exit of the Canyon, overlooking the broad Valley where the Verdon was long hair and money, the village faces the Valensole plateau and the setting sun which casts its last rays in the turquoise of the artificial lake that replaced the Valley. The large municipality with three faces: Canjuers plateau, the Verdon gorges, wide Valley, there is little as if the end of the tourneries of boxwood was the omen. The glorious time of the laborious five workshops good sniffing the chip of wood, still seems to shine on the glazed roofs of the Castle. The ball studded boxwood does more than occasionally on the bowling alley next to the amazing aqueduct roll, she file jolting proudly among the bright spheres the having dethroned forever.

Comps-sur-Artuby

A bit far from the brink famous, the village leans on the strange depths of the Artuby: narrow, dark, wild, mysterious gorges. Completely isolated by the military camp, it is a real life var now within the confines of the Department in a welcoming and quiet environment. The Alps all close, its climate is the most robust, its light of the frankest. Many chapels, ruins of Castellas, proud bastides await the caress of your look.

Moustiers-Sainte-Marie

Deus rocky peaks spaced 230 metres are in saltire on the brink, a huge string of strange links to which is attached a large five-pointed star; squeaking that wind draw choke in the rumble of the waterfalls. Ex-voto of a Knight of Blacas survivor of the Crusades, suspended on a village, ex-voto of the prehistoric beliefs having taken possession of a terrace of tuffs tightened between two impassable ravines. Such a full gate, a gorge opens in the back of the agglomeration both Nautic in the mountains or out of it:
"It's as if Moustiers was not by but lonely, arid plateaus that dominate it. A jewel of nature chiselled by men of talent could not that be the birthplace of another jewel: the earthenware!
Since the earliest times there were potters for beautiful clays blushing surroundings; they were numerous in the 15th century, they will become famous: they will be faïence in Italy, in the 17th century. Primary responsibility for this transformation in all directions is a monk of Faienza, in Italy in the 16th century. He introduced an email of a bluish white that the artists agrémentèrent décor in blue monochrome. Louis XIV, having emptied the State coffers, forced to melt gold and silver dishes while Clerissy, glassmaker in Fontainebleau, withdrew in this village, his native country. He undertook to develop the earthenware of art that his descendants carried high resulting in creation of rival houses for the largest well of this control that only the Revolution would wither to the stop in 1876.
The progression of this luxury pottery is mostly made by decor, essential shaping has varied little, only the material first taken on-site during two centuries will be abandoned. Coarse pottery will be suite pottery in white enamel bluish including the decorations go in enriched in three critical periods:
•    copy of the works of Pierre de Molyn le Jeune, said Tempesta, central ensemble painted in camaieu blue
•    triumph of style always says "to the Benin', in blue but with an overload of reasons especially in border
•    change due to Joseph Olérys which introduces the polychrome and grotesque or exotic subjects in yellow gold or olive green.
Starts now the modern period, see on-site.
La Faïencerie at Moustiers underwent an amazing fortune. His productions are among those who honor the more french art. Despite the decline of productivity, the disappearance of earthenware has not taken place. Not only the legacy of the three great epochs is saved, but a new era opens. Perhaps will it reach other summits. Thanks Marcel Provence, you who in the mid-20th century, have rekindled the last oven that human unconsciousness had left restain in the 19th century.Thanks to everyone who followed you and follow you.
The lesson of this Renaissance of earthenware? Males fire can be revived even stronger that before, but here the ground having lost the tree may just find Bush.

Les Salles-sur-Verdon

Which is it? From the old charming and fragile on the small hill gently contoured Verdon, spread all glistening in the alluvial plain, or the new, barely got rid of its scaffolding and looking to the four winds a soul that will be hard to stop because the streets are too broad, the places without dead ends. The village d'antan was there, as an oasis in a turmoil of limestone. He gave shelter to residents turn to turn farmers, breeders, lavandiculteurs, beekeepers, but especially rabassiers of odoriferous and excellent truffles. The Sallois have paid a heavy price for progress; that they must be recognized, without their sacrifices, Provence died of thirst.Swallowed up forever! An thus abandoned village leaves a great void, close of nothingness, as if it had existed since it is impossible to follow the shadow of the path.

The Emerald torrent

The Verdon, tributary left bank of the Durance, is a watercourse with Mediterranean hydrological regime despite its Alpine source. He is born not of a glacier and is for power than atmospheric precipitation. Its flow therefore undergoes significant variations ranging from a few cubic meters per second to several hundred, where low flows and spectacular floods during which he loses the color of its name.
Despite its weaknesses, the torrent came to overcome the many obstacles on his race to the sea by a whimsical geography. Its terrible forces allowed him to shape of that wonderful extraordinary masterpieces in a tormented to the extreme terrain, at the bottom of which fluorinated particle-laden waters to brighten.
He deserves the admiration that we owe to a Hercules who ran seven gigantic work, ranging from modest throat at the majestic canyon. These monuments of nature well suffered from human action. Gorges: Castillon, Baudinard, Quinson became the artificial lakes, those of Saint-André, Colmars are perhaps to stay, because the future is greedy.
The great gorge and the small canyon assembled into a single work, constitute the supreme work of the Emerald torrent; It is to her that we dedicate these pages after him sacrificing 15 years of a life in order to maintain this torrent sometimes River, rolling 850 million m3 per year to fill 440 million m3 of artificial deductions, Provençal thirst absorbs the difference.

The Verdoniens

Those going today in the Verdon cannot claim to this name even if they are a great attendance to the site. The Veidomens were a purely local 'race', consisting of a few "fadas" chasm, from villages bordering the abysses and not found gathered under this label by their attendance of these places "of perdition. Although some villages provided a contingent more important by the simple fact that 'verdoniser' was the preserve some families immediately in contact with the damaged and their realities. This area of verdonien, la Palud provided the fraction the most important where the Flory family is was cutting the lion's share.
The use of the past for this information is a little false as the verdonien has not quite disappeared. It remains rare unfortunately well aged specimens. They represent these distant families come to the most impressive approaches to vacuum for benefit of land, pastures and forests put at their disposal by the Lords for purposes of profitability of course, which was not always easy. The largest and most flourishing implantation was Mechelen where four homes were the ondes, notably that of the Flory. On the left bank of the fracture silent face three fires the Cavaliers which the most important was that of the Rouvier, famous Cavaliers, breeders and trainers of horses. Other fireplaces glowed Encastel and Sardon; they warmed the Hermelin and Martin more turned to the Artuby to the terrifying abyss. Two other places close to the attractive precipices provided of Verdoniens: Rougon and Chasteuil to the East, Mayrestre and Gabrijela West. For the former, the attendance of the Verdon was in a gorge accessible, for the latter the torrent was little affordable; These locations equipped with an opening to the plateau.
The activities of these first Verdoniens living and bustling about at the bottom of gripping and moving along the cliffs, circuses were of great simplicity and a lean report although claiming them more time that elsewhere and exposing them to hazards of all kinds: hazardous collection and pickup laborious for a skinny nest of fragrant forage, wild fruitsLinden soothing, driftwood, fleshy mushrooms, enormous snails, colorful berries, black honey, boxwood heavy, dripping clay, sometimes strange flowers. Poaching with small fearful mammals snares and collects it through the beautiful shiny trout fillets were all the joy and pride of these descendants of hunters of the first ages. What about their reckless attempts to grow crops at the bottom? Madness? No! The courage and belief, a great need to survive in a great thirst for freedom and a huge pleasure to exist.

Friends visitors!

The Gorges du Verdon have been, through the ages, by the people who have attended them, a high place of communion with the natural environment despite the harshness of the life which it caused.
Humans considered sacred places where expressed themselves deities. Gods of nature, gathered and granted in order to create the unique, the wonderful, the terrifying, the impalpable, the incomparable.
Torn planet from which flow thousand opposites together in a grandiose whose omnipotence is matched only by its fragility before the man of today.
Despite the close union of the fierce elements to live, these gorges and these canyons can switch into nothingness from which emerge the deserts. They are volte thanks also, are we there, such as shamans, for you to share the divine essence that you should find.
The pleasure that you just look in and around these Gorges is linked to the beauty and the quality of the elements which compose them. You will therefore accept these recommendations we want to be a code of behavior toward nature without defence.
Tourism development around the Gorge acquired at the expense of the site in its most secret intimacy. It is important to reverse the poles of interest and comply with the commandments of this exceptional universe.
The space of these places is very low, which increases its fragility; the experts it is more harmful that it is almost all aggressive and consuming.

General regulations in the Gorges

Protection of Gorges and their land makes first appeal to your good sense, then to your respect for nature and all what it produces or causes. We remind you the rules in force across elsewhere in the Alps, Provence, Mediterranean:
•    Wild camping and stay: extremely prohibited in all places.
•    Fires of all kinds: absolutely prohibited in all seasons.
•    Abandonment of waste: prohibited outside the facilities provided for that purpose.
•    Pick up and removal of elements alive or dead: prohibited.
Here, not only animal and plant species are to be protected, but also humans, their culture and their achievements are to be backed up.
In your discovery, you will be surprised by the lack of human and animal life despite a plant world spoke four receive it. This is due to desertification have already done his work, but especially to the increasingly overwhelming presence of modern humans.

Everywhere, out of the Gorge

The natural boundaries are the walls and the peaks that surround the abyss, but its impact extends well beyond in all this land that must be observed to keep it intact and welcoming.
You should not lose sight of the uniqueness of the abyss shines on the land which the soul is deeply imbued with this exception. This desert"is that illusion, the personality of this country lies dormant, ready to awaken if you give it a bit of your attention and your time.
You will avoid:
•    to violate the peasant and private property
•    of saccager plantations and trees,
•    to accelerate the collapse of old buildings,
•    use your vehicles out of rural roads.
•    like more than necessary there where the night can surprise you.
•    to add sounds of sorts to the great hubbub of summer.
This land, known as 'wild', is not a place of romping to the demands of modern life. It is a beautiful part of France where people come to live in harmony with nature and humans, a return to the creation in some way.

Practice activities

The practice of activities (excluding climbing) in the Gorges and Canyons du Verdon or its tributaries, regardless of the technique used, requires a suitable material and field but mostly thorough physical preparation so silly that it appears.
The 'promenade' on the Martel Trail is not one. The study of the profile is instructive, especially in the SAMSON - the MALINE meaning. Other local conditions come into play: the quality of road and weather conditions of the moment. These vary according to the seasons, but over the course of a day, also even in a few hours.
Each of you must perfectly know its physical on the one hand, physiological other possibilities, but also its psychological provisions compared to the chasm: the vacuum or the crushing can cause unexpected reactions. A danger watches you (it has caused several fatal cases), the non-habit forming to heat and prolonged exercise associated with the fact that you're rendered fragile by an illness or accident that occurred even before your visit to the site.
Never forget that a hike of 14 to 20 miles is not a simple walk where we are going "good laugh" and have fun. especially if one is mistaken many times of course or one strays, or even loses.

Safety tips

As stated previously, starting only being aware of your physical and physiological, means not forgetting your psychological preparation.
The recommended hardware (for hiking) does not require the use of expensive and complicated ways, but most appeals to your common sense to your scholarship. The first quality of this equipment, in addition to simplicity, is its good condition and well-being should get. Regardless of the dress (naturism is prohibited), essentially being the practice and good condition and, of course, do not have forgotten it.
The shoes are the number one equipment, immediately followed by the (gourd) water reserve which should be sufficient - everything depends on your —(en trop, elle peut servir à quelqu'un qui en est démuni) needs. Avoid alcoholic beverages. Flat water (fresh) remaining the best refreshing. As for food, more it is slight, but classic, better it is worth. Attention to indigestion due to fatigue, the hot blow, the blow from cold, fear or anxiety, the use of canned (they may also suffer from hot). If you are on a diet or medical treatment whatever it is, do not forget your medications and you say well you put you in disadvantage.
Before starting in the Gorges, warn a close is important, tell your return is also; precaution that may be non-redundant: make sure that you can contact.
Are you happen a misadventure in the Gorges and whether you're single, do prevent not by one person (which can get lost), but by several, taking care to give your name, tell them that you have warned others. The Interior of sinkholes, human progression is quite different from that he can do elsewhere, isolation can also occur and cause dramas.

Attention!

1.    Never forget that you have come here for fun, do not take the course for a competition, go to the recommended time.
2.    To equip themselves properly is guarantor of the success of your expedition, so: real walking shoes, appropriate clothing, a flashlight, a small emergency kit.
3.    The few sources can sometimes be dry. Therefore take water in bottles that you reuse and not in containers that you will be tents to surrender.
4.    Food for a day does not require to take bottles and cans that you embarrasseront. Nothing is as good and as light as a small snack packed in a small paper bag that it slips into his pocket after consumption.
5.    Babies and all young children, even if you wear them during 14 km, not withdraw anything promenade risking sunburn or dehydration.
6.    Children do not have the same vision that adults, all seems them excessive. Do not do what you, large, realize just think they get tired faster but they recover as more quickly.
7.    You like your quadruped companion, but this does not motivate to take him to a place where it will interfere with other animals and even people. In addition, small or big, clever or calm, your dog will point appreciate scales.
8.    If take a shortcut seems preferable, refrain, it is dangerous for others because of the stones that roll, more damaging the trails that the next storm will carry.
9.    Never leave the trail because the adventure in the thicket may terminate in the vacuum of the fall, and do not probe the abyss with a pebble, someone may be below.
10.    When the weather looks bad or even indecisive, you put on your side more likely to crash. Thunderstorms are terrible and the lightning strikes the walls.
11.    Some trails Corbel may surprise those who did not suspect Vertigo, a slip in these places can have far-reaching consequences.
12.    At no time don't be tempted to use accomplices shrubs to conceal your waste, even if it's nicks biodegradable packaging.
13.    If you get too hot, just asperger you Verdon, plunge entire may expose you to the insidious and unpredictable eddies.
14.    Here more than elsewhere, the linkers are the adornment of Nature. Let them die off naturally as some are indispensable seeds, if they are not seeding, their reproductive role is no less important.
15.    Plants and animals can be a rare or even unique species. Do not take their habitat for your, are you going to shelter in a previously used sterile place.
16.    You will be one of the one hundred thousand visitors of the year. Do not overexert just site able to bear one thousand. Do not leave anything that reminds your passage.
17.    Dry or not, it is preferable to: neither drink, nor cross the Verdon. It is dangerous in both cases. Use the space allowed by the trail, the rest belongs to Nature.
18.    Avoid screaming without cause, you Overfilled the silence, and if someone calls for help, his appeal will be distorted, increasing the difficulties of tracking.
19.    Because the torrent flow seems low, you will be tempted to cross and away you out of touch, where your return risk: If the water flow has increased or if you mess up Ford, you will be trapped and exposed or expose someone.
20.    Do not leave the trail cautiously, vegetation cache emptiness, limestone eroded and cracked surface is dangerous by its mossy caltrops, beware when you shoot the eye riveted on the viewfinder and as you move on the edge of the void,
21.    Always carry extra clothing, a light raincoat, especially if the weather is uncertain. Of any tacon, here, the changes are rapid; and the temperature of the cave is prone to little variation, it continues mainly in lower temperature.

The Artuby trails

Torrent Artuby canyon develops almost entirely in military field of Canjuers, whose limit lies not far from the bridge of Artuby. Hiking in this abyss, even to dry, is not feasible by the tourist equipped and not prepared; However, it is possible to descend under the bridge by a sports path traced in the steep wall. The departure is located on the right bank (side without crossing of roads), just at the abutment of the bridge upstream (concrete platforms), follow the plateau for a distance of approximately 400 m before finding in the presence of the trail descending, little visible initially. The other paths that cascade down into the canyon of Artuby are much more difficult than that of the bridge; they lead to dead ends either water or smooth walls, both impassable without specialized equipment. The only possible approach, for an average hiker without equipment is this trail from the bridge. It allows: with water to attend a unique spectacle, without venturing a few hundred meters downstream from the bridge since there is no risk of release of dam, the Artuby not involving.
Torrent Artuby draws a wonderful Valley cut off from interesting Gorge, whose approach is facilitated by a network of beautiful passable trails: Bargème, marten, Comps-sur-Artuby. Torrent Jabron also deserves your attention and your visit.

The other access to the Verdon

Books and plans, made by writers with no knowledge of what are the access to the Verdon, offer other descents into the chasm. I recommend them because, not only they are climbing more than the market, but especially they paths all lead to dead ends caused by the presence of the torrent it is best not to try to cross.These are: Infernet and bed to Mescla - construction at Cabrielle - Baoucher and Manny to the lmbut - Encastel to Mayrestre - Gratte-Loup and Roumia. All lead you to the Verdon but also the accident or even death.

Trails of the trays

A pleasant trail is passable between Mayrestre (laces) and the ravine of Mortmain (route the Maline). It grows above the abyss below the right bank road, which may be of interest to those staying in the country, it is still clean compared to those from the bottom. On the plateau, many paths of activity will lead you to the cliffs overlooking the Gulf. Some are used by the trace of the great hiking trails. You will find them in the areas of: Rougon-Castellane, Taloire-Trigance, Trigance - Artuby - du Verdon Aiguines - Les Cavaliers, Moustiers - La Palud-sur-Verdon. also more indented: in the Valley of the leases as well as all around Comps-sur-Artuby and Jabron.

Hiking suggestions

It is undeniable that the Gorge views from the bottom are quite different from what they show from the top; should, for a minimum of knowledge, lie between the wall closest to the torrent. Here are some ideas of discovery proportionate to the amount of time you can spend; ascending duration and difficulty:
•    Samson, get off the Terminal road to torrent, easy and short (0 h 30 round trip).
•    Cavaliers, descend from the restaurant to the torrent, pretty easy (1 h 10 return).
•    at La Maline, descend from the Chalet in the torrent, quite easy (I am 40 return).
•    Col Olivier down right bank Lake or torrent, easy to Lake (1 h 15), the torrent (2 h round trip).
•    Cavaliers or Maline, make the crossing from one to the other, but anticipate the recovery by car, easy enough (approximately 2 hours).
•    Cavaliers, down to go to the Mescla or the brèche of Imbert, then return to the Cavaliers (total duration: approx. 5 hours).
•    Samson, get off to go to the balcony of the Baume aux Hirondelles, then return (total duration: approx. 6 hours)
Other hiking in the Gorges ask day to be proportional to the effort.

The paths of the TCF

•    The trail "Martel" (right bank)
•    The trail of “the Imbut”(left bank)
Average journey time (go) If you take the departure to the Maline:
"La Maline", you are on the trail "Martel" (right bank), you can go to the:
•    Issane junction (in 30 minutes)
Left by the trail "Martel", in:
•    The Mescla (in 3 h) (with atower)
•    The brèche of Imbert (3 hrs)
•    The Point sublime (in 6 h 20)
Right by the path of "The Imbut", to
•    The gateway of the Estilie (in 50 min)
After the gateway:
•    The cavaliers (in 1 h 30) to left
•    The Imbut (in 3 h 20) on the right
Average journey time (go) If you take the start Cavaliers:
"Cavaliers", you are on the trail of ' the Imbut "(rive gauche), you can go to:
•    At the gateway of the Estellie (in 30 minutes)
Continuing, without crossing the bridge (you are still on the trail of 'the 'left bank Imbut).
•    The Styx (in 2 h 00)
•    The crossroads of the Colimaçon (in 2 h 20)
Left to the crossroads of the Colimaçon
•    Access Vidal (3 h 20) allows you to reach the D71)
A right of the crossroads of the Colimaçon
•    The Imbut (in 3 h 00).
After crossing the bridge (you are then on the trail "Martel" right bank)
•    The junction of Issane (45 min)
Left to the crossroads of Issane
•    The Maline (in 1 h 45)
Straight to the crossroads of Issane
•    Eboulis de Guegues (in 2 h 30)
•    The crossroads of the Mescla (in 3 h 00)
•    The Mescla (in 3 h 15) (with detour 0 h 30)
•    The brèche of Imbert (in 3:15)
•    Cornice of Irouelle (4:35)
•    The Point Sublime (in 6 h 35)

Information

Trail Martel (right bank) at the start of the Maline
The former departure was located in la Palud-sur-Verdon. The creation of the road (1953) connected the village to the chalet built in 1935.
Currently the departure is done directly from the chalet, the trail starts between the road and the main building or from the public parking.
The GR.4 from la Palud preferably uses the road.
Practiced in the direction of Maline/point Sublime, "Martel" (right bank) trail is less painful, with its terminal part the low altitude; However, the descent of the stairs of the Imbert brèche remains delicate.
It is preferable to have a light to cross the Terminal tunnels.
This trail stand two trails: the trail of the Imbut (rive gauche) after the intersection of Issane, and the trail of the Mescla, after the L’Eboulis de Guegues - (the trail made Mescla part of trail Martel - while lying outside the normal route) - the Mescla is the confluence of two canyons that is worth trying.

Remarks

The Eboulis de Guegues , constituted the tunnel excavated, must be down: If you find yourself on the platform, do not borrow the tunnel tunnels drilled from 1902 until 1912 were to serve as a channel to the waters of the strikethrough Verdon at Carajuan; the T.C.F (here pay homage to its pioneers) reused them and only those where the trail passes are to borrow.
The water stayed in general in the middle of each of the large tunnels. It lies on the ground, on the own speleothems. It takes a Cup to the draw.

Tunnels and stairs

We need the tunnels to the Southeast electric company, stairs and ladders to the Touring Club de France; the latter have existed by the presence of the first. The tunnels from 1901 until 1912, were to lead water from the Carajuan Verdon (where the torrent should be crossed out) to Garret (where the water had to be turbined representing 175 m head).
The excavation of the tunnels (7 large and small drilled, 2 uncompleted) was an epic heroic, hardship and courage; However, the preparation of the construction site had been even more. Field studies were conducted during the last decade of the 19th century, forcing the (Swiss) engineers and surveyors to physical prowess led by Casimir Flory. This period resulted in reckless attempts and remained obscure exploits. One of these is still seen in the abyss; It's the shipping back of men, women and mules, of all material (rails, wagons and other;) rusting near ancient sites. The work undertaken had traced a path ranging from platform in platform, but they had not started the canal linking the tunnels; certainly because of the extreme boldness of a risky idea. If the Touring Club was forced to resume part of the infrastructure, he also had to demonstrate genius and audacity to connect the ends of pre-existing trails. Building stairs leases Felat between Guegues  and Baumes Feres by Paul Imbert is an example of ingenuity and tenacity, strength and stamina, fearlessness and generosity.

The paths of the TCF

Trail Martel and the Imbut trail.
Average journey time (go) If you take the departure to Sublime Point or the corridor of Samson.
"Sublime Point" or the "corridor Samson", you're on the trail "Martel" (right bank), you can go to
•    the Corniche of Irouelle (in 1 h 45)
•    The brèche of Imbert (in 3 h 45)
•    At the crossroads of the Mescla (in 3 h 55)
•    At the Mescla (in 4 h 10 (with 0 h 30 on the normal route detour)
•    At the L’Eboulis de Guegues (in 4 h 35)
•    At the crossroads of Issane (in 6 h 2 5)
•    At the Maline (in 7 h 20) (the TCF chalet) right
•    At the gateway of the Estillie (in 6 h 35) on the left
After crossing the Estillie bridge to the left
•    Cavaliers (in 7 h 15)
After crossing the gateway of the Estellie right by the path of "The Imbut" (left bank)
•    The Styx (in 8 h 05)
•    The crossroads of the Colimaçon (in 8 h 25)
Left to the crossroads of the Colimaçon
•    Access Vidal (9.15) (it allows you to reach the 71 D)
A right of the crossroads of the Colimaçon
•    The Imbut or Imbucq (in 9 h 05)

Information

Trail Martel (right bank) departing from Sublime Point (corridor Samson).
Before the creation of the route of the corridor Samson (1955), the departure of the Martel trail was the Sublime Point Inn the section of trail corridor-platform-hostel Samson is still used by the GR 4 from Rougon.
•    Currently departure occurs road platform at the end of the CD 23 bis the trail to the left at the beginning of the wall socket
•    The trail may also take de La Palud from the leases trail that follows the torrent on its right bank practiced in the direction Point Sublime/Maline. Trail Martel (right bank) is most painful at the end with a forcing significant elevation to climb the stairs of the brèche d Imbert
•    The beauty of the Canyon is such, he deserves that this trail should be in each direction
•    It is preferable to have a light to cross tunnels
•    This trail, stand two trails: the trail of the Mescla, after the brèche of Imbert and the trail of the Imbut (rive gauche) after the Estellie gateway. The trail of the part made Mescla of trail Martel while lying outside the normal route (coming down from the stairs of the Imbert Brèche, after two large laces, turn left) La Mescla is the confluence of the Artuby and Verdon, this detour worth your efforts.

Remarks

L’Eboulis de Guegues consisting of a tunnel excavated is trying to mount. Do not hesitate to make the laces but do reassemble it to 2/3 left.
The trail is very exposed to the Sun during the ascent to the Maline so avoid the hottest hours.
The Maline laces are cut gullies and shortcuts that it is better to avoid.
Attention to the operation of the dams upstream dangerous swimming, water temperature 13 ° max.

Tail of the Sainte-Croix Lake trails

It is developing on the right bank of the Verdon and trails along the calm waters between the locality Garret and Mayrestre. They do not allow to cross the Terminal part of the Gorges or to cross the Verdon to dry feet. They begin on the road to La Palud Moustiers in the hamlet of St-Maurin (lookouts Galetas), borrow the grasslands jagged bottom valance home, following the edge of the Lake for about 3 km. Reached a ravine deep enough, it splits into three parts: one dates back to the col of the olive tree by the ravine, the other following the strike of the Lake to the large Ford of Mayrestre where the Verdon finds its current, third (central portion), the best drawn, going to flank, joined an edge, and then descends to the Verdon in the chaos of Mayrestre locality where there is no bridge to cross the dangerous torrent. The old gateway as the Ford, it must go back to the col of the olive tree to find route 952: either by the ravine, the fork on the edge.
On the left bank, d’Illoire pass, a poorly drawn path in its terminal part descends to Verdon in the hamlet of marine between the large Ford and the chaos of Mayrestre. Poorly drawn, this represents continues a few kilometres then gets lost in this difficult ascent of the Gorges.

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